Lenticular nucleus correlates of general self-efficacy in young adults

Nakagawa, S., Takeuchi, H., Taki, Y., Nouchi, R., Kotozaki, Y., Shinada, T., Maruyama, T., Sekiguchi, A., Iizuka, K., Yokoyama, R., Yamamoto, Y., Hanawa, S., Araki, T., Miyauchi, C.M., Magistro, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-2554-3701, Sakaki, K., Jeong, H., Sasaki, Y. and Kawashima, R., 2017. Lenticular nucleus correlates of general self-efficacy in young adults. Brain Structure and Function, 222 (7), pp. 3309-3318. ISSN 1863-2653

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Abstract

General self-efficacy (GSE) is an important factor in education, social participation, and medical treatment. However, the only study that has investigated the direct association between GSE and a neural correlate did not identify specific brain regions, rather only assessed brain structures, and included older adult subjects. GSE is related to motivation, physical activity, learning, the willingness to initiate behaviour and expend effort, and adjustment. Thus, it was hypothesized in the present study that the neural correlates of GSE might be related to changes in the basal ganglia, which is a region related to the abovementioned self-efficacy factors. This study aimed to identify the brain structures associated with GSE in healthy young adults (n = 1204, 691 males and 513 females, age 20.7 ± 1.8 years) using regional grey matter density and volume (rGMD and rGMV), fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) analyses of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. The findings showed that scores on the GSE Scale (GSES) were associated with a lower MD value in regions from the right putamen to the globus pallidum; however, there were no significant association between GSES scores and regional brain structures using the other analyses (rGMD, rGMV, and FA). Thus, the present findings indicated that the lenticular nucleus is a neural correlate of GSE.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Brain Structure and Function
Creators: Nakagawa, S., Takeuchi, H., Taki, Y., Nouchi, R., Kotozaki, Y., Shinada, T., Maruyama, T., Sekiguchi, A., Iizuka, K., Yokoyama, R., Yamamoto, Y., Hanawa, S., Araki, T., Miyauchi, C.M., Magistro, D., Sakaki, K., Jeong, H., Sasaki, Y. and Kawashima, R.
Publisher: Springer
Date: September 2017
Volume: 222
Number: 7
ISSN: 1863-2653
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s00429-017-1406-2DOI
Rights: © The Author(s) 2017. Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 10 May 2018 10:29
Last Modified: 10 May 2018 10:29
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/33514

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