Differential gene expression of NADPH oxidase (p22phox) and hemoxygenase-1 in patients with Type 2 diabetes and microangiopathy

Adaikalakoteswari, A. ORCID: 0000-0003-2974-3388, Balasubramanyam, M., Rema, M. and Mohan, V., 2006. Differential gene expression of NADPH oxidase (p22phox) and hemoxygenase-1 in patients with Type 2 diabetes and microangiopathy. Diabetic Medicine, 23 (6), pp. 666-674. ISSN 0742-3071

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Abstract

Aims: While the downstream effects of increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the pathogenesis of diabetes were well studied, only a few studies have explored the cellular sources of ROS. We examined whether protection against oxidative stress is altered in patients with diabetes and microangiopathy by examining changes in NADPH oxidase (p22phox) and hemoxygenase‐1 (HO‐1) levels.

Methods: NADPH oxidase (p22phox) and HO‐1 gene expression were probed by RT‐PCR using leucocytes from patients with Type 2 diabetes without (n = 19) and with microangiopathy (n = 20) and non‐diabetic subjects (n = 17). Levels of lipid peroxidation as measured by thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS) and protein carbonyl content (PCO) were determined by fluorimetric and spectrophotometric methods, respectively.

Results: p22phox gene expression (mean ± se) was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in diabetic patients with (0.99 ± 0.04) and without microangiopathy (0.86 ± 0.05) compared with control subjects (0.66 ± 0.05). Consistent with the mRNA data, the p22phox protein expression and NADPH oxidase activity was also increased in cells from diabetic patients compared with control subjects. However, HO‐1 gene expression was significantly (P < 0.05) lower in patients with (0.73 ± 0.03) and without microangiopathy (0.85 ± 0.02) compared with control subjects (1.06 ± 0.03). The mean (± se) levels of TBARS were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in diabetic patients with (14.36 ± 1.3 nm/ml) and without microangiopathy (12.20 ± 1.3 nm/ml) compared with control subjects (8.58 ± 0.7 nm/ml). The protein carbonyl content was also significantly (P < 0.05) higher in diabetic patients with (1.02 ± 0.04 nmol/mg protein) and without microangiopathy (0.84 ± 0.06 nmol/mg protein) compared with control subjects (0.48 ± 0.02 nmol/mg protein). In diabetic subjects, increased p22phox gene expression was negatively correlated with HO‐1 and positively correlated with TBARS, PCO, HbA1c and diabetes duration. In contrast, HO‐1 gene expression was correlated negatively with p22phox, TBARS, PCO, HbA1c and diabetes duration.

Conclusion: Our results indicate that increased oxidative damage is seen in Asian Indians with Type 2 diabetes and microangiopathy and is associated with increased NADPH oxidase (p22phox) and decreased HO‐1 gene expression.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Diabetic Medicine
Creators: Adaikalakoteswari, A., Balasubramanyam, M., Rema, M. and Mohan, V.
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Date: 2006
Volume: 23
Number: 6
ISSN: 0742-3071
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1111/j.1464-5491.2006.01879.xDOI
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 14 May 2018 13:44
Last Modified: 14 May 2018 13:44
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/33571

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