Problematic Instagram use: the role of perceived feeling of presence and escapism

Kircaburun, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-8678-9078 and Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, 2019. Problematic Instagram use: the role of perceived feeling of presence and escapism. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 17 (4), pp. 909-921. ISSN 1557-1874

11275_Griffiths.pdf - Published version

Download (616kB) | Preview


The use of social networking sites is becoming increasingly popular. Although there are many studies investigating the problematic use of social networking sites such as Facebook, little is known about problematic Instagram use (PIU) and factors related to it. The present study developed a complex model in order to examine the mediating role of perceived feeling of presence (i.e., social, spatial, and co-presence) and escapism between using different Instagram features and PIU. A total of 333 Instagram users from a high school and a state university, aged between 14 and 23 years (Mage = 17.74 years, SD = 2.37, 61% female), completed a "paper-and-pencil" questionnaire comprising measures of social presence, spatial presence, co-presence, Instagram escapism, and PIU. In addition, frequency of use of five different Instagram features (i.e., watching live streams; watching videos; looking at posted photographs; liking, commenting on others' posts; and getting likes and comments from others) were assessed using a 7-point Likert scale. Analysis indicated that watching live streams was indirectly associated with PIU via escapism, spatial presence, and co-presence. Leaving likes and comments on others' posts was both directly and indirectly associated with PIU via co-presence and escapism. Escapism mediated the relationships between social and spatial presence and co-presence and PIU. The findings of the present study appear to indicate that a minority of individuals use Instagram problematically and that problematic Instagram use is associated with the frequency of watching live streams, liking, and commenting on others’ posts on Instagram, being able to feel a higher sense of presence using Instagram, and using Instagram as an escape from reality.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Creators: Kircaburun, K. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: Springer
Date: August 2019
Volume: 17
Number: 4
ISSN: 1557-1874
9895Publisher Item Identifier
Rights: Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 05 Jun 2018 09:54
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2021 11:16

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View


Views per month over past year


Downloads per month over past year