Do predictive relationships exist between postural control and falls efficacy in unilateral transtibial prosthesis users?

Barnett, C.T. ORCID: 0000-0001-6898-9095, Vanicek, N. and Rusaw, D.F., 2018. Do predictive relationships exist between postural control and falls efficacy in unilateral transtibial prosthesis users? Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. ISSN 0003-9993

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Abstract

Objective: To assess whether variables from a postural control test relate to and predict falls efficacy in prosthesis users.

Design: Twelve-month within and between subjects repeated measures design. Participants performed the Limits of Stability (LOS) test protocol at study baseline and at 6-month follow-up. Participants also completed the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) questionnaire, reflecting the fear of falling, and reported the number of falls monthly between study baseline and 6-month follow-up, and additionally at 9- and 12-month follow-ups.

Setting: University biomechanics laboratories.

Participants: A group of active unilateral transtibial prosthesis users of primarily traumatic etiology (PROS) (n=12) with at least one year of prosthetic experience and age and gender matched control participants (CON) (n=12).

Interventions: Not applicable.

Main Outcome Measure(s): Postural control variables derived from centre of pressure data obtained during the LOS test, which was performed on and reported by the Neurocom Pro Balance Master, namely; reaction time (RT), movement velocity (MVL), endpoint (EPE) and maximum (MXE) excursion and directional control (DCL). Number of falls and total FES-I scores.

Results: During the study period, the PROS group had higher FES-I scores (U = 33.5, p =0.02), but experienced a similar number of falls, compared to the CON group. Increased FES-I score were associated with decreased EPE (R=-0.73, p=0.02), MXE (R=-0.83, p<0.01) and MVL (R=-0.7, p=0.03) in the PROS group, and DCL (R=-0.82, p<0.01) in the CON group, all in the backwards direction.

Conclusions: Study baseline measures of postural control, in the backwards direction only, are related to and potentially predictive of subsequent 6-month FES-I scores in relatively mobile and experienced prosthesis users.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Creators: Barnett, C.T., Vanicek, N. and Rusaw, D.F.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 18 June 2018
ISSN: 0003-9993
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.apmr.2018.05.016DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 02 Jul 2018 11:55
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2019 03:00
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/33966

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