Acute and chronic effects of exercise on appetite, energy intake, and appetite-related hormones: the modulating effect of adiposity, sex, and habitual physical activity

Dorling, J., Broom, D.R., Burns, S.F., Clayton, D.J. ORCID: 0000-0001-5481-0891, Deighton, K., James, L.J., King, J.A., Miyashita, M., Thackray, A.E., Batterham, R.L. and Stensel, D.J., 2018. Acute and chronic effects of exercise on appetite, energy intake, and appetite-related hormones: the modulating effect of adiposity, sex, and habitual physical activity. Nutrients, 10 (9): 1140. ISSN 2072-6643

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Abstract

Exercise facilitates weight control, partly through effects on appetite regulation. Single bouts of exercise induce a short-term energy deficit without stimulating compensatory effects on appetite, whilst limited evidence suggests that exercise training may modify subjective and homeostatic mediators of appetite in directions associated with enhanced meal-induced satiety. However, a large variability in responses exists between individuals. This article reviews the evidence relating to how adiposity, sex, and habitual physical activity modulate exercise-induced appetite, energy intake, and appetite-related hormone responses. The balance of evidence suggests that adiposity and sex do not modify appetite or energy intake responses to acute or chronic exercise interventions, but individuals with higher habitual physical activity levels may better adjust energy intake in response to energy balance perturbations. The effect of these individual characteristics and behaviours on appetite-related hormone responses to exercise remains equivocal. These findings support the continued promotion of exercise as a strategy for inducing short-term energy deficits irrespective of adiposity and sex, as well as the ability of exercise to positively influence energy balance over the longer term. Future well-controlled studies are required to further ascertain the potential mediators of appetite responses to exercise.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Nutrients
Creators: Dorling, J., Broom, D.R., Burns, S.F., Clayton, D.J., Deighton, K., James, L.J., King, J.A., Miyashita, M., Thackray, A.E., Batterham, R.L. and Stensel, D.J.
Publisher: MDPI AG
Date: 22 August 2018
Volume: 10
Number: 9
ISSN: 2072-6643
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3390/nu10091140DOI
nu10091140Publisher Item Identifier
Rights: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 24 Aug 2018 13:15
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2018 13:15
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/34373

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