Modeling industry 4.0 based fog computing environments for application analysis and deployment

Verba, N., Chao, K.-M., Lewandowski, J., Shah, N., James, A. ORCID: 0000-0001-9274-7803 and Tian, F., 2019. Modeling industry 4.0 based fog computing environments for application analysis and deployment. Future Generation Computer Systems, 91, pp. 48-60. ISSN 0167-739X

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Abstract

The extension of the Cloud to the Edge of the network through Fog Computing can have a significant impact on the reliability and latencies of deployed applications. Recent papers have suggested a shift from VM and Container based deployments to a shared environment among applications to better utilize resources. Unfortunately, the existing deployment and optimization methods pay little attention to developing and identifying complete models to such systems which may cause large inaccuracies between simulated and physical run-time parameters. Existing models do not account for application interdependence or the locality of application resources which causes extra communication and processing delays. This paper addresses these issues by carrying out experiments in both cloud and edge systems with various scales and applications. It analyses the outcomes to derive a new reference model with data driven parameter formulations and representations to help understand the effect of migration on these systems. As a result, we can have a more complete characterization of the fog environment. This, together with tailored optimization methods than can handle the heterogeneity and scale of the fog can improve the overall system run-time parameters and improve constraint satisfaction. An Industry 4.0 based case study with different scenarios was used to analyze and validate the effectiveness of the proposed model. Tests were deployed on physical and virtual environments with different scales. The advantages of the model based optimization methods were validated in real physical environments. Based on these tests, we have found that our model is 90% accurate on load and delay predictions for application deployments in both cloud and edge.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Future Generation Computer Systems
Creators: Verba, N., Chao, K.-M., Lewandowski, J., Shah, N., James, A. and Tian, F.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: February 2019
Volume: 91
ISSN: 0167-739X
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.future.2018.08.043DOI
S0167739X18303297Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 10 Oct 2018 08:35
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2018 08:35
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/34635

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