Epidemiological evaluation of meniscal ramp lesions in 3214 anterior cruciate ligament–injured knees from the SANTI study group database: a risk factor analysis and study of secondary meniscectomy rates following 769 ramp repairs

Sonnery-Cottet, B., Praz, C., Rosenstiel, N., Blakeney, W.G., Ouanezar, H., Kandhari, V., Vieira, T.D. and Saithna, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-2408-5307, 2018. Epidemiological evaluation of meniscal ramp lesions in 3214 anterior cruciate ligament–injured knees from the SANTI study group database: a risk factor analysis and study of secondary meniscectomy rates following 769 ramp repairs. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. ISSN 0363-5465

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Abstract

Background: Ramp lesions are characterized by disruption of the peripheral meniscocapsular attachments of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus. Ramp repair performed at the time of ACL reconstruction has been shown to improve knee biomechanics.
Hypothesis/Purpose: Primary objectives of this study were to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for ramp lesions in a large series of patients undergoing ACL reconstruction, Secondary objectives were to determine the re-operation rate for failure of ramp repair, defined by subsequent re-operations for partial medial meniscectomy

Study Design: Case series

Methods: All patients underwent trans-notch posteromedial compartment evaluation of the knee during ACL reconstruction. Ramp repair was performed if a lesion was detected. Potentially important risk factors were analyzed for their association with ramp lesions. A secondary analysis of all patients who underwent ramp repair and had a minimum follow-up of two years was undertaken in order to determine the secondary partial meniscectomy rate for failed ramp repair.

Results: The overall incidence of ramp lesions in the study population was 23.9% (769 ramp lesions in 3214 patients). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the presence of ramp lesions was significantly associated with the following risk factors: male gender, patients aged under 30 years, revision ACLR, chronic injuries, pre-operative side-to-side laxity >6 mm and the presence of concomitant lateral meniscus tears. The secondary meniscectomy rate was 10.8% at a mean follow up of 45.6 months (24.2-66.2). Patients who underwent ACLR + ALLR had a greater than 2-fold reduction in the risk of reoperation for failure of ramp repair as compared with patients who underwent isolated ACLR (hazard ratio, 0.457; 95%CI, 0.226-0.864; P = .021).

Conclusion: There is a high incidence of ramp lesions in patients undergoing ACLR. The identification of important risk factors for ramp lesions in this study in an individual patient should help raise an appropriate index of suspicion and prompt posteromedial compartment evaluation. The overall secondary partial meniscectomy rate after ramp repair is 10.8%. Anterolateral ligament reconstruction appears to confer a protective effect on the ramp repair performed at the time of ACLR and results in a significant reduction in secondary meniscectomy rates.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: The American Journal of Sports Medicine
Creators: Sonnery-Cottet, B., Praz, C., Rosenstiel, N., Blakeney, W.G., Ouanezar, H., Kandhari, V., Vieira, T.D. and Saithna, A.
Publisher: Sage
Date: 11 October 2018
ISSN: 0363-5465
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1177/0363546518800717DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 19 Oct 2018 15:29
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2018 15:29
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/34711

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