Sweat from gland to skin surface: production, transport, and skin absorption

Gerrett, N., Griggs, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-1962-9613, Redortier, B., Voelcker, T., Kondo, N. and Havenith, G., 2018. Sweat from gland to skin surface: production, transport, and skin absorption. Journal of Applied Physiology, 125 (2), pp. 459-469. ISSN 8750-7587

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Abstract

By combining galvanic skin conductance (GSC), stratum corneum hydration (HYD) and regional surface sweat rate (RSR) measurements at the arm, thigh, back and chest, we closely monitored the passage of sweat from gland to skin surface. Through a varied exercise-rest protocol, sweating was increased slowly and decreased in 16 male and female human participants (25.3 ± 4.7 yr, 174.6 ± 10.1 cm, 71.3 ± 12.0 kg, 53.0 ± 6.8 ml·kg−1·min−1). ∆GSC and HYD increased before RSR, indicating pre-secretory sweat gland activity and skin hydration. ∆GSC and HYD typically increased concomitantly during rest in a warm environment (30.1 ± 1.0°C, 30.0 ± 4.7% relative humidity) and only at the arm did ∆GSC increase before an increase in HYD. HYD increased before RSR, before sweat was visible on the skin, but not to full saturation, contradicting earlier hypotheses. Maximal skin hydration did occur, as demonstrated by a plateau in all regions. Post exercise rest resulted in a rapid decrease in HYD and RSR but a delayed decline in ∆GSC. Evidence for reabsorption of surface sweat into the skin following a decline in sweating, as hypothesized in the literature, was not found. This suggests that skin surface sweat, after sweating is decreased, may not diffuse back into the dermis, but is only evaporated. These data, showing distinctly different responses for the three measured variables, provide useful information about the fate of sweat from gland to surface that is relevant across numerous research fields (e.g., thermoregulation, dermatology, ergonomics and material design).

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Applied Physiology
Creators: Gerrett, N., Griggs, K., Redortier, B., Voelcker, T., Kondo, N. and Havenith, G.
Publisher: American Physiological Society
Date: August 2018
Volume: 125
Number: 2
ISSN: 8750-7587
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1152/japplphysiol.00872.2017DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 24 Oct 2018 10:21
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2019 03:00
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/34725

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