Effects of cooling before and during simulated match play on thermoregulatory responses of athletes with tetraplegia

Griggs, K.E. ORCID: 0000-0002-1962-9613, Havenith, G., Paulson, T.A.W., Price, M.J. and Goosey-Tolfrey, V.L., 2017. Effects of cooling before and during simulated match play on thermoregulatory responses of athletes with tetraplegia. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 20 (9), pp. 819-824. ISSN 1440-2440

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Abstract

Objectives: Athletes with high level spinal cord injuries (tetraplegia) are under greater thermal strain during exercise than the able-bodied. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of pre-cooling using an ice vest and the combination of pre-cooling and cooling during play using water sprays in athletes with tetraplegia.

Design: Counter-balanced, cross-over design.

Methods: Eight wheelchair rugby players with tetraplegia completed a 60 min intermittent sprint protocol (ISP) on a wheelchair ergometer in 20.2 °C ± 0.2 °C and 33.0% ± 3.1% relative humidity. The ISP was conducted on three occasions; no cooling (NC), pre-cooling with an ice vest (P) and pre-cooling with an ice vest and water sprays between quarters (PW). Gastrointestinal (Tgi) temperature, mean skin temperature (Tsk) and perceptual responses were measured throughout.

Results: At the end of pre-cooling, the change in Tgi was not significantly different between conditions (P > 0.05) but the change in Tsk was significantly greater in P and PW compared to NC (P < 0.001). The change in Tgi over the ISP was significantly lower in PW and P compared to NC (P < 0.05), whilst the change in Tsk was lower in PW compared to P and NC (P < 0.05). Cooling had no effect on performance or perceptual responses (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: Water spraying between quarters combined with pre-cooling using an ice vest lowers thermal strain to a greater degree than pre-cooling only in athletes with tetraplegia, but has no effect on simulated wheelchair rugby performance or perceptual responses.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Creators: Griggs, K.E., Havenith, G., Paulson, T.A.W., Price, M.J. and Goosey-Tolfrey, V.L.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: September 2017
Volume: 20
Number: 9
ISSN: 1440-2440
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.jsams.2017.03.010DOI
S1440244017303407Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 25 Oct 2018 13:09
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2018 13:09
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/34740

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