Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is associated with greater tibial tunnel widening when using a bioabsorbable screw compared to an all-inside technique with suspensory fixation

Monaco, E., Fabbri, M., Redler, A., Gaj, E., De Carli, A., Argento, G., Saithna, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-2408-5307 and Ferretti, A., 2018. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is associated with greater tibial tunnel widening when using a bioabsorbable screw compared to an all-inside technique with suspensory fixation. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. ISSN 0942-2056

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Abstract

Purpose: To compare clinical outcomes and tunnel widening following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) performed with an all-inside technique (Group A) or with a bioabsorbable tibial screw and suspensory femoral fixation (Group B).

Methods: Tunnel widening was assessed using computed tomography (CT) and a previously validated analytical best fit cylinder technique at approximately 1-year following ACLR. Clinical follow-up comprised evaluation with IKDC, KSS, Tegner, Lysholm scores, and knee laxity assessment.

Results: The study population comprised 22 patients in each group with a median clinical follow-up of 24 months (range 21–27 months). The median duration between ACLR and CT was 13 months (range 12–14 months). There were no significant differences in clinical outcome measures between groups. There were no differences between groups with respect to femoral tunnel widening. However, there was a significantly larger increase in tibial tunnel widening, at the middle portion, in Group B (2.4 ± 1.5 mm) compared to Group A (0.8 ± 0.4 mm) (p = 0.027), and also at the articular portion in Group B (1.5 ± 0.8 mm) compared to Group A (0.8 ± 0.8 mm) (p = 0.027).

Conclusion: Tibial tunnel widening after ACLR using hamstring tendon autograft is significantly greater with suspensory femoral fixation and a bioabsorbable tibial interference screw when compared to an all-inside technique at a median follow-up of 2 years. The clinical relevance of this work lies in the rebuttal of concerns arising from biomechanical studies regarding the possibility of increased tunnel widening with an all-inside technique.

Level of evidence: III.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Creators: Monaco, E., Fabbri, M., Redler, A., Gaj, E., De Carli, A., Argento, G., Saithna, A. and Ferretti, A.
Publisher: Springer
Date: 7 November 2018
ISSN: 0942-2056
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s00167-018-5275-xDOI
Rights: © European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery, Arthroscopy (ESSKA) 2018.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 07 Nov 2018 09:55
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2019 03:00
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/34859

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