Individual differences in working memory and general intelligence indexed by P200 and P300: a latent variable model

Wongupparaj, P., Sumich, A. ORCID: 0000-0003-4333-8442, Wickens, M., Kumari, V. and Morris, R.G., 2018. Individual differences in working memory and general intelligence indexed by P200 and P300: a latent variable model. Biological Psychology, 139, pp. 96-105. ISSN 0301-0511

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Abstract

A robust relationship between working memory (WM) and general intelligence (g) has been well established. Nevertheless, explanations for this relationship in terms of underlying neurocognitive processes are still inadequate. This study addresses this issue using an individual differences approach in which Central Executive System (CES) and Short-Term Storage (STS) components of WM are measured comprehensively and examined for their relationship with g via event-related potentials components (P200 and P300) as mediators. Participants (n=115) completed tests of the WM, CES and STS, as well as g. P200 and P300 components were recorded during 3-back WM task performance. Structural equation modelling showed significant negative associations between the P200 latency for target stimuli and CES shifting processes, and between the P300 amplitude for target stimuli and CES inhibition and updating processes. The relationship between CES processes and g was mediated in a localized fashion by the P300 amplitude. These findings further support the notion that the CES has a multidimensional structure and, importantly, reveal that the inhibition and updating functions of the CES are crucial in explaining the relationship between WM and g. Negative relations between ERP indices (P200 latency and P300 amplitude for target stimuli) and g support a neural efficiency hypothesis related to high intelligence.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Biological Psychology
Creators: Wongupparaj, P., Sumich, A., Wickens, M., Kumari, V. and Morris, R.G.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: November 2018
Volume: 139
ISSN: 0301-0511
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.biopsycho.2018.10.009DOI
S0301051118302680Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 14 Nov 2018 10:41
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2019 03:00
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/34961

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