An interactive platform to guide catheter ablation in human persistent atrial fibrillation using dominant frequency, organization and phase mapping

Li, X., Salinet, J.L., Almeida, T.P., Vanheusden, F.J. ORCID: 0000-0003-2369-6189, Chu, G.S., Ng, G.A. and Schlindwein, F.S., 2017. An interactive platform to guide catheter ablation in human persistent atrial fibrillation using dominant frequency, organization and phase mapping. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 141, pp. 83-92. ISSN 0169-2607

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Abstract

Background and Objective: Optimal targets for persistent atrial fibrillation (persAF) ablation are still debated. Atrial regions hosting high dominant frequency (HDF) are believed to participate in the initiation and maintenance of persAF and hence are potential targets for ablation, while rotor ablation has shown promising initial results. Currently, no commercially available system offers the capability to automatically identify both these phenomena. This paper describes an integrated 3D software platform combining the mapping of both frequency spectrum and phase from atrial electrograms (AEGs) to help guide persAF ablation in clinical cardiac electrophysiological studies.

Methods: 30 s of 2048 non-contact AEGs (EnSite Array, St. Jude Medical) were collected and analyzed per patient. After QRST removal, the AEGs were divided into 4 s windows with a 50% overlap. Fast Fourier transform was used for DF identification. HDF areas were identified as the maximum DF to 0.25 Hz below that, and their centers of gravity (CGs) were used to track their spatiotemporal movement. Spectral organization measurements were estimated. Hilbert transform was used to calculate instantaneous phase.

Results: The system was successfully used to guide catheter ablation for 10 persAF patients. The mean processing time was 10.4 ± 1.5 min, which is adequate comparing to the normal electrophysiological (EP) procedure time (120∼180 min).

Conclusions: A customized software platform capable of measuring different forms of spatiotemporal AEG analysis was implemented and used in clinical environment to guide persAF ablation. The modular nature of the platform will help electrophysiological studies in understanding of the underlying AF mechanisms.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Creators: Li, X., Salinet, J.L., Almeida, T.P., Vanheusden, F.J., Chu, G.S., Ng, G.A. and Schlindwein, F.S.
Publisher: Elsevier Ireland
Date: 2017
Volume: 141
ISSN: 0169-2607
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.cmpb.2017.01.011DOI
S0169260716311257Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 29 Nov 2018 14:43
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2018 14:43
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/35175

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