Homogeneity of memory errors in abstract visual pattern recall

Badham, S.P. ORCID: 0000-0002-6890-102X, Atkin, C. and Castro, A., 2019. Homogeneity of memory errors in abstract visual pattern recall. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 15 (3), pp. 431-446. ISSN 1841-0413

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Abstract

In memory tests, recalled information can be distorted by errors in memory and these distortions can be more memorable than the original stimuli to a later learner. This is typically observed over several generations of learners but there is less exploration of the initial distortions from the first generation of learners. In this article, participants studied visual matrix patterns which were either erroneous recall attempts from previous participants or were random patterns. Experiment 1 showed some evidence that material based on previous participants’ recall data was more memorable than random material, but this did not replicate in Experiment 2. Of greater interest in the current data were homogeneity in the memory errors made by participants which demonstrated systematic recall biases in a single generation of learners. Unlike studies utilising multiple generations of learners, the currently observed distortions cannot be attributed to survival-of-the-fittest mechanisms where biases are driven by encoding effects.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Homogeneity of memory errors [running head]
Publication Title: Europe’s Journal of Psychology
Creators: Badham, S.P., Atkin, C. and Castro, A.
Publisher: PsychOpen
Date: 27 September 2019
Volume: 15
Number: 3
ISSN: 1841-0413
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.5964/ejop.v15i3.1685DOI
685926Other
Rights: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, CC BY 4.0(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium,provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 30 Nov 2018 09:20
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2019 08:27
Related URLs:
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/35188

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