Seasonal difference in bone characteristics and body composition of elite speed skaters

Varley, I. ORCID: 0000-0002-3607-8921, Greeves, J. and Sale, C. ORCID: 0000-0002-5816-4169, 2019. Seasonal difference in bone characteristics and body composition of elite speed skaters. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 40 (01), pp. 9-15. ISSN 0172-4622

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Abstract

We investigated the changes in bone characteristics and body composition of elite speed skaters across two competitive seasons. Twelve elite speed skaters age (23 ± 4 years; height 1.73 ± 0.09 m; body mass 68.5 ± 8.8 kg; mean ± 1SD) were assessed by DXA and pQCT for Bone Mineral Density (BMD), Bone Mineral Content (BMC), area, bone strength, cortical thickness and density at four points over the course of two competitive seasons. Body composition data was also collected. A main effect of time was shown for whole body BMC, right leg BMC, and trabecular area (P<0.05). Whole body BMC was higher during pre-season and end of season in comparison mid-season (1.0%, P=0.007; 0.8%, P=0.017), right leg BMC was higher at the pre-season scan in comparison to the post pre-season scan (1.8%,P=0.02) and trabecular area was higher during the mid-season and end of season when compared to the pre-season (1.4%, P=0.012; 1.0%, P=0.003). Seasonal changes in bone characteristics and body composition are shown in elite speed skaters over a competitive season. The changes are thought to be as a result of fluctuations in training load. These data may have implications for training design and injury risk management in elite sport.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Seasonal differences in elite speed skaters [running title]
Publication Title: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Creators: Varley, I., Greeves, J. and Sale, C.
Publisher: Georg Thieme
Date: January 2019
Volume: 40
Number: 01
ISSN: 0172-4622
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1055/a-0767-6924DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 06 Dec 2018 15:47
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2019 03:00
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/35259

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