Dynamic behavior of rotors during human persistent atrial fibrillation as observed using non-contact mapping

Dastagir, N., Almeida, T.P., Li, X., Vanheusden, F.J. ORCID: 0000-0003-2369-6189, Chu, G.S., Stafford, P.J., Ng, G.A. and Schlindwein, F.S., 2016. Dynamic behavior of rotors during human persistent atrial fibrillation as observed using non-contact mapping. In: A. Murray, ed., Computing in Cardiology Conference 2016. Computing in Cardiology, 43 . Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE, pp. 241-244. ISBN 9781509008964

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Abstract

Rotors have been related to atrial fibrillation (AF) maintenance. We analyzed the behavior of rotors in persistent AF (persAF) utilizing a novel non-contact methodology and compared this to real time dominant frequency (DF) analysis. 2048 noncontact virtual unipolar atrial electrograms (VEGMs) were collected simultaneously (EnSite Array, St. Jude Medical) from 10 persAF patients (duration: 34 ± 25 months) undergoing left atrial (LA) ablation. After QRST-removal, FFT was used to identify the global DF of the LA (range 4-10 Hz; 1 s time-window; 50 % overlap; highest DF (HDF) (DF -0.25 Hz); up to 20 s/patient). The organization index (OI) was measured and phase was found via Hilbert-transform. Phase singularities (PSs) were tracked and were categorized according to their lifespan into short (lifespan <;100 ms) and long lived (rotors) (lifespan >100 ms). A total of 4578 PSs were tracked. 5.05 % (IQR: 2.75 ~ 30.25 %) of the tracked PSs were long-lived and were observed in 11 % (IQR: 2.75 ~ 17.5 %) of the windows. The windows with rotors showed significantly higher HDF (mean ± SD, 8.0 ± 0.43 Hz vs 7.71 ± 0.50 Hz, p<; 0.0001) and lower OI (0.76 ± 0.04 vs 0.79 ± 0.03, p<; 0.0001) when compared with the short-lived PSs windows. During persAF, the LA showed distinct behaviors as characterized by rotors. Often, no rotors were observed during sustained AF and, when present, the rotors continually switched between organized and disorganized behaviors. Long-lived rotors correlated with higher atrial rates. Our results suggest that rotors are not the sole perpetuating mechanism in persAF.

Item Type: Chapter in book
Description: Paper presented at 2016 Computing in Cardiology Conference (CinC), Vancouver, BC, Canada, 11-14 September 2016.
Creators: Dastagir, N., Almeida, T.P., Li, X., Vanheusden, F.J., Chu, G.S., Stafford, P.J., Ng, G.A. and Schlindwein, F.S.
Publisher: IEEE
Place of Publication: Piscataway, N.J.
Date: 2016
Volume: 43
ISSN: 2325-887X
Rights: Articles in this volume are copyright © 2016 by their respective authors, and are licensed by their authors under the Creative Commons Attribution License 2.5 (CCAL).
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 12 Dec 2018 17:07
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2018 17:08
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/35317

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