Nostalgia promotes intrinsic motivation and effort in the presence of low interactional justice

Van Dijke, M. ORCID: 0000-0001-9974-5050, Leunissen, J.M. ORCID: 0000-0002-1639-3174, Wildschut, T. and Sedikides, C., 2019. Nostalgia promotes intrinsic motivation and effort in the presence of low interactional justice. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 150, pp. 46-61. ISSN 0749-5978

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Abstract

We examined whether nostalgia increases intrinsic motivation in situations of low (vs. high) interactional justice, with downstream implications for work effort. In Study 1, we tested employees of various organizations using experience sampling methodology (ESM). High (vs. low) momentary nostalgia predicted stronger momentary intrinsic motivation, particularly when chronic interactional justice was low (vs. high). In Study 2, another ESM study among employees, we induced nostalgia. Induced nostalgia (vs. control) strengthened momentary work effort, via momentary intrinsic motivation, when chronic interactional justice was low (vs. high). This effect emerged for organizational and personal nostalgia. In Study 3, an experiment, we induced nostalgia and interactional justice. Induced nostalgia (vs. control) increased intrinsic motivation among participants experiencing low (vs. high) interactional justice. This effect of nostalgia was mediated by past-self directedness. In the face of low interactional justice, nostalgia makes employees experience their work as pleasant and motivating, leading them to exert more work effort.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Creators: Van Dijke, M., Leunissen, J.M., Wildschut, T. and Sedikides, C.
Publisher: Academic Press
Date: January 2019
Volume: 150
ISSN: 0749-5978
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.obhdp.2018.12.003DOI
S0749597816307683Publisher Item Identifier
687913Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 18 Dec 2018 10:13
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:09
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/35366

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