The effects of an increase in intensity during tapering on 1,500m running performance

Spilsbury, K.L., Nimmo, M.A., Fudge, B., Pringle, J., Orme, M. and Faulkner, S.H. ORCID: 0000-0003-4688-7252, 2019. The effects of an increase in intensity during tapering on 1,500m running performance. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. ISSN 1715-5312

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Abstract

We examined the effect of completing the final interval training session during a taper at either: i) race pace; or ii) faster than race pace, on 1,500 m running performance and neuromuscular performance. Ten trained runners (age 21.7 ± 3.0 years, height 182.9 ± 7.0 cm, body mass 73.4 ± 6.8 kg, personal best 1,500 m time 4:17.5 ± 0:26.9 min) completed two conditions, consisting of 7-d of regular training and a 7-d taper, separated by three weeks of training. In one condition, the taper was prescribed using prediction models based on the practices of elite British middle-distance runners, with the intensity of the final interval session being equal to 1,500 m race pace (RP). The taper was repeated in the HI condition, except the final interval session was completed at 115% of 1,500 m race pace. A 1,500 m treadmill time trial, measures of maximum voluntary isometric strength (MVC) and rate of force development (RFD) were completed before and after regular training and tapering. Performance was most likely improved after RP (mean ± 90% confidence limits, 10.1 ± 1.6 s), and possibly beneficial after HI (4.2 ± 12.0 s). Both MVC force (p = 0.002) and RFD (p = 0.02) were improved after tapering, without differences between conditions. A race-pace taper based on the practices of elite middle-distance runners is recommended to improve performance in young, sub-elite runners. The effect of this strategy with an increase in interval intensity is highly variable and should be implemented with caution.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism
Creators: Spilsbury, K.L., Nimmo, M.A., Fudge, B., Pringle, J., Orme, M. and Faulkner, S.H.
Publisher: Canadian Science Publishing
Date: 4 January 2019
ISSN: 1715-5312
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1139/apnm-2018-0551DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 10 Jan 2019 10:54
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2019 10:54
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/35522

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