The Gender Congruence and Life Satisfaction Scale (GCLS): development and validation of a scale to measure outcomes from transgender health services

Jones, B.A. ORCID: 0000-0001-8872-5847, Bouman, W.P., Haycraft, E. and Arcelus, J., 2019. The Gender Congruence and Life Satisfaction Scale (GCLS): development and validation of a scale to measure outcomes from transgender health services. International Journal of Transgenderism, 20 (1), pp. 63-80. ISSN 1553-2739

[img]
Preview
Text
13157_Jones.pdf - Post-print

Download (493kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: It is vital that the treatment offered at transgender health services can be evaluated to ensure a high quality of care. However, the tools currently used to evaluate treatment at transgender health services are limited by mainly focusing on mental health or because they have been developed for binary transgender people only. This study therefore aimed to develop and validate a tool that addresses these limitations. The Gender Congruence and Life Satisfaction Scale (GCLS) was developed through reviewing the literature, conducting interviews with transgender people, and holding discussions with experts working in transgender healthcare. An initial pool of items was developed and feedback on these was obtained. The tool was then validated.

Method: For the validation of the tool a total of 789 participants (451 transgender [171 transgender females, 147 transgender males, 133 non-binary identifying people], and 338 cisgender [254 females, 84 males]) were recruited from the United Kingdom to test the factor structure and validity of the GCLS.

Results: Exploratory factor analysis retained 38 items which formed seven subscales (psychological functioning; genitalia; social gender role recognition; physical and emotional intimacy; chest; other secondary sex characteristics; and life satisfaction). These seven subscales were found to have good internal consistency and convergent validity. The GCLS was also found to be capable of discriminating between groups (e.g., people who have and have not undergone gender affirming medical interventions). Transgender and cisgender subscale norms are provided for the GCLS.

Conclusion: The GCLS is a suitable tool to use with the transgender population to measure health-related outcomes for both clinical and research purposes.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Transgenderism
Creators: Jones, B.A., Bouman, W.P., Haycraft, E. and Arcelus, J.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date: 2019
Volume: 20
Number: 1
ISSN: 1553-2739
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1080/15532739.2018.1453425DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 16 Jan 2019 16:31
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 14:44
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/35590

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year