Analysis of mitochondrial DNA variation in the Egyptian population and its implications for forensic DNA analysis

Gomaa, R, 2010. Analysis of mitochondrial DNA variation in the Egyptian population and its implications for forensic DNA analysis. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.

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Abstract

The genetic sequence of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is of particular interest to forensic investigations involving human identification, as well as population genetics. The current mtDNA database is lacking sufficient representatives of African mitochondrial DNA sequences compared to European and Asian sequences. The present study was concerned with the analysis of mtDNA in the Egyptian population. FTA cards were used for blood sample collection, storage, and shipment and DNA extraction. An optimised laboratory protocol for rapid PCR amplification of the mitochondrial hypervariable regions was developed. A database of 261 mitochondrial hypervariable region I (HVI) sequences and 78 hypervariable region II (HVII) sequences was established from 261 adult Egyptians. A total of 113 polymorphic sites were reported in the HVI region (nt16024-16365) which identified a total of 187 different haplotypes, of which 151 were unique to single individuals. The most commonly observed HVI haplotype was identical to the Cambridge Reference Sequence (CRS). Analysis of 78 HVII sequences (nt73-340) revealed a total of 42 polymorphic sites that identified 62 different haplotypes, of which 51 were unique to single individuals. Sites that showed the highest variability in the HVI and HVII regions agreed with the previously reported mutational hotspots. Combination of the HVI and HVII data resulted in identification of 207 different mitochondrial haplotypes, of which 183 (~88%) were unique to single individuals. Such a large number of unique mitochondrial haplotypes indicates a high diversity of mtDNA in the Egyptian population, which has a direct impact on forensic applications, since the significance of a match between an evidence sample and a reference sample depends on the population frequency of a profile.

Item Type: Thesis
Creators: Gomaa, R.
Date: 2010
Rights: This work is the intellectual property of the author, and may also be owned by the research sponsor and/or Nottingham Trent University. You may copy up to 5% of this work for private study, or personal, non-commercial research. Any re-use of the information contained within this document should be fully referenced, quoting the author, title, university, degree level and pagination. Queries or requests for any other use, or if a more substantial copy is required, should be directed in the first instance to the author.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:36
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2015 09:36
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/357

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