Mean diffusivity related to collectivism among university students in Japan

Nakagawa, S., Takeuchi, H., Taki, Y., Nouchi, R., Kotozaki, Y., Shinada, T., Maruyama, T., Sekiguchi, A., Iizuka, K., Yokoyama, R., Yamamoto, Y., Hanawa, S., Araki, T., Miyauchi, C.M., Magistro, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-2554-3701, Sakaki, K., Jeong, H., Sasaki, Y. and Kawashima, R., 2019. Mean diffusivity related to collectivism among university students in Japan. Scientific Reports, 9 (1): 1338. ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Collectivism is an important factor for coping with stress in one’s social life. To date, no imaging studies have revealed a direct association between collectivism and white matter structure. Collectivism is positively related to independence, harm avoidance, rejection sensitivity, cooperativeness, external locus of control, and self-monitoring and negatively related to need for uniqueness. Accordingly, we hypothesised that the neural structures underpinning collectivism are those that are also involved with its relationship using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This study aimed to identify the brain structures associated with collectivism in healthy young adults (n = 797), using regional grey and white matter volume, fractional anisotropy, and mean diffusivity (MD) analyses of MRI data. Scores on the collectivism scale were positively associated with MD values in the bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, left orbitofrontal cortex, inferior frontal gyrus, right superior temporal gyrus, ventral posterior cingulate cortex, globus pallidus, and calcarine cortex using the threshold-free cluster enhancement method with family-wise errors corrected to P < 0.05 at the whole-brain level. No significant associations between were found collectivism and other measures. Thus, the present findings supported our hypothesis that the neural correlates of collectivism are situated in regions involved in its related factors.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Scientific Reports
Creators: Nakagawa, S., Takeuchi, H., Taki, Y., Nouchi, R., Kotozaki, Y., Shinada, T., Maruyama, T., Sekiguchi, A., Iizuka, K., Yokoyama, R., Yamamoto, Y., Hanawa, S., Araki, T., Miyauchi, C.M., Magistro, D., Sakaki, K., Jeong, H., Sasaki, Y. and Kawashima, R.
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Date: 4 February 2019
Volume: 9
Number: 1
ISSN: 2045-2322
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1038/s41598-018-37995-5DOI
37995Publisher Item Identifier
Rights: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 06 Feb 2019 10:35
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2019 10:35
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/35769

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