A four-factor model of work addiction: the development of the work addiction risk test revised (WART-R)

Urbán, R., Kun, B., Mózes, T., Soltész, P., Paksi, B., Farkas, J., Kökönyei, G., Orosz, G., Maraz, A., Felvinczi, K., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Demetrovics, Z., 2019. A four-factor model of work addiction: the development of the work addiction risk test revised (WART-R). European Addiction Research, 25 (3), pp. 145-159. ISSN 1022-6877

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Abstract

Work has a crucial role in individuals’ productivity, social life and psychological wellbeing. Despite various definitions of work addiction in the literature, the number of psychometrically reliable instruments is limited. The aim of this study was to psychometrically test and revise the factor structure of the Work Addiction Risk Test (WART), one of the most widely used instruments assessing work addiction. The full version of the WART (Robinson, Post, & Khakee, 1992) was assessed using a nationally representative sample of Hungary (N = 2710). To increase validity, the analyses were conducted among individuals who worked at least 40 hours a week (N = 1286, 43% women, mean age = 38.9 years, SD = 10.8). Using confirmatory factor analysis, the originally proposed four- and five-factor solutions did not have adequate model fit indices. Thus, the sample was randomly divided into two subsamples. Exploratory factor analysis conducted in the first half of the sample supported a four-factor solution, which was confirmed in the other half of the sample. The Work Addiction Risk Test Revised (WART-R) comprises 17 items and four factors (i.e., Overcommitment, Impatience, Hard-working, and Salience). As a conclusion, the WART-R is suitable to be used as an indicator work addiction based on clinically relevant symptom dimensions.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: European Addiction Research
Creators: Urbán, R., Kun, B., Mózes, T., Soltész, P., Paksi, B., Farkas, J., Kökönyei, G., Orosz, G., Maraz, A., Felvinczi, K., Griffiths, M.D. and Demetrovics, Z.
Publisher: Karger on behalf of the EUFAS (European Federation of Addiction Societies)
Date: April 2019
Volume: 25
Number: 3
ISSN: 1022-6877
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1159/000499672DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 03 Apr 2019 13:50
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2019 11:16
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/36175

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