Risk and resilience among mothers and fathers of primary school age children with ASD in Malaysia: a qualitative constructive grounded theory approach

Ilias, K., Cornish, K., Park, M.S.-A. ORCID: 0000-0002-1269-6856, Toran, H. and Golden, K.J., 2019. Risk and resilience among mothers and fathers of primary school age children with ASD in Malaysia: a qualitative constructive grounded theory approach. Frontiers in Psychology, 9: 2275. ISSN 1664-1078

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Abstract

Little is known about the coping and resilience experiences of parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the Malaysian cultural context. This study utilized a qualitative methodological approach adopting constructive grounded theory. The study sought to address the lack of research to date exploring the risk and protective experiences that contribute to parental stress and resilience for parents of primary school age children with ASD in the Malaysian setting. Twenty-two parents of children with ASD (13 mothers and 9 fathers) participated in semi-structured interviews. A strength of the study was the inclusion of both mother and father participant perspectives. The interviews lasted 50–80 min (mean: 67.5 min). The 22 parents had a total of 16 children (12 males; 4 females) formally diagnosed with ASD. Child age ranged between 5 and 12 years (mean age: 8.44). Overall, analysis of the 22 interviews revealed four prominent themes – “initial reaction to child’s ASD symptoms and diagnosis,” “family life affected by a child with ASD,” “awareness about ASD in Malaysia,” and “coping strategies, wellbeing, and becoming resilient.” The first three themes revolved around stress and adversity, and, the adaptability and acceptance of the parents. These processes illustrated the risks experienced by the parents of children with ASD in Malaysia. The last theme especially highlighted the strengths and determination of the parents and illustrated the protective experiences and processes that helped parents to develop and enhance resilience. Overall, the findings revealed that resilience develops synergistically and dynamically from both risk and protective experiences across different levels – individual, family, community, society and government. The findings motivated the development of our theoretical model of resilience that can help health and education professionals tailor assessment and interventions for parents of children with ASD in the Malaysian context. Clinical, policy, and research suggestions were discussed.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Frontiers in Psychology
Creators: Ilias, K., Cornish, K., Park, M.S.-A., Toran, H. and Golden, K.J.
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Date: 8 January 2019
Volume: 9
ISSN: 1664-1078
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02275DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 05 Apr 2019 12:31
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2019 12:31
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/36195

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