Near miss in a video game: an experimental study

Finserås, T.R., Krossbakken, E., Pallesen, S., Mentzoni, R., King, D.L., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Molde, H., 2019. Near miss in a video game: an experimental study. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

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Abstract

Models to explain persistent and excessive gaming behavior have proposed that reward characteristics in video games influence gaming behavior, yet these characteristics have received minimal empirical attention to date. The present study employed an experimental approach to examine how a near miss and other different outcomes (a win or loss with small and large margin, respectively) influence gaming behavior and subjective experiences and evaluations of the game. A total of 40 participants competed against four avatars in a counterbalanced repeated measure design with four scenarios: (a) losing by a large margin, (b) losing by a small margin, (c) winning by a small margin, and (d) winning by a large margin. Outcome measurements included the urge to continue playing, affective response, game evaluation, and regret. Repeated measure ANOVAs with post hoc tests were employed to assess outcomes across the scenarios. Participants reported greater frustration and regret when losing compared to winning and tended to evaluate the games they won more positively than the games they lost. Participants felt more bored and less excited when they experienced a near miss compared to winning by a large margin. The results show that winning in video games influences players’ experiences and perceptions differently than losing.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Creators: Finserås, T.R., Krossbakken, E., Pallesen, S., Mentzoni, R., King, D.L., Griffiths, M.D. and Molde, H.
Publisher: Springer US
Date: 29 March 2019
ISSN: 1557-1874
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s11469-019-00070-9DOI
Rights: © The Author(s) 2019. Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 08 Apr 2019 08:40
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2019 08:40
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/36202

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