Multimaterial 3D printed soft actuators powered by shape memory alloy wires

Akbari, S., Sakhaei, A.H., Panjwani, S., Kowsari, K., Serjouei, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-7250-4131 and Ge, Q., 2019. Multimaterial 3D printed soft actuators powered by shape memory alloy wires. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 290, pp. 177-189. ISSN 0924-4247

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Abstract

Shape memory alloys (SMAs) have been widely used to fabricate soft actuators by embedding SMA wires into various soft matrices manufactured by conventional moulding methods or novel three-dimensional (3D) printing techniques. However, soft matrices of SMA based actuators are typically fabricated from only one or two different materials. Here, we exploit the great manufacturing flexibility of multimaterial 3D printing to fabricate various bending, twisting and extensional actuators by precisely controlling the spatial arrangements of different printing materials with different stiffnesses. In order to achieve a broad range of deformations, ten different printing materials were characterized and used in the actuators design. In addition, we developed a finite element model to simulate complex deformations of the printed actuators and facilitate the design process. The model incorporates a user defined material subroutine that describes the nonlinear temperature dependant behavior of SMAs. The results show the efficiency and flexibility of multimaterial 3D printing in tailoring the deformed shape of the SMA based soft actuators, which cannot be accomplished using conventional manufacturing methods such as moulding.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical
Creators: Akbari, S., Sakhaei, A.H., Panjwani, S., Kowsari, K., Serjouei, A. and Ge, Q.
Publisher: Elsevier B.V
Date: 1 May 2019
Volume: 290
ISSN: 0924-4247
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.sna.2019.03.015DOI
S0924424718316662Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 11 Apr 2019 11:33
Last Modified: 07 May 2019 10:42
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/36230

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