Optimisation of bioscrubber systems to simultaneously remove methane and purify wastewater from intensive pig farms

Liu, F., Fiencke, C., Guo, J., Lyu, T. ORCID: 0000-0001-5162-8103, Dong, R. and Pfeiffer, E.-M., 2019. Optimisation of bioscrubber systems to simultaneously remove methane and purify wastewater from intensive pig farms. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. ISSN 0944-1344

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Abstract

The use of bioscrubber is attracting increasing attention for exhaust gas treatment in intensive pig farming. However, the challenge is to improve the methane (CH4) removal efficiency as well as the possibility of pig house wastewater treatment. Three laboratory-scale bioscrubbers, each equipped with different recirculation water types, livestock wastewater (10-times-diluted pig house wastewater supernatant), a methanotroph growth medium (10-times-diluted), and tap water, were established to evaluate the performance of CH4 removal and wastewater treatment. The results showed that enhanced CH4 removal efficiency (25%) can be rapidly achieved with improved methanotrophic activity due to extra nutrient support from the wastewater. The majority of the CH4 was removed in the middle to end part of the bioscrubbers, which indicated that CH4 removal could be potentially optimised by extending the length of the reactor. Moreover, 52–86% of the ammonium (NH4+-N), total organic carbon (TOC), and phosphate (PO43−-P) removal were simultaneously achieved with CH4 removal in the present study. Based on these results, this study introduces a low-cost and simple-to-operate method to improve CH4 removal and simultaneously treat pig farm wastewater in bioscrubbers.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Creators: Liu, F., Fiencke, C., Guo, J., Lyu, T., Dong, R. and Pfeiffer, E.-M.
Publisher: Springer
Date: 6 April 2019
ISSN: 0944-1344
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s11356-019-04924-6DOI
4924Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 12 Apr 2019 13:39
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2019 13:40
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/36244

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