Psychopathological consequences related to problematic Instagram use among adolescents: the mediating role of body image dissatisfaction and moderating role of gender

Yurdagül, C., Kircaburun, K., Emirtekin, E., Wang, P. and Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, 2019. Psychopathological consequences related to problematic Instagram use among adolescents: the mediating role of body image dissatisfaction and moderating role of gender. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

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Abstract

In a minority of cases, problematic use of technology can negatively impact on adolescents and impair some aspects of their social, emotional, and psychological development. The purpose of the present study was to examine the direct and indirect effects of problematic Instagram use (PIU) on different psychopathological outcomes including loneliness, depression, anxiety, and social anxiety via body image dissatisfaction (BID). Additionally, moderating role of gender on the relationships among variables was investigated. A total of 491 adolescents (Mage = 15.92 years, SDage = 1.07; range = 14 to 19 years) were recruited for the study to complete a questionnaire that included the relevant assessment tools for the aforementioned variables. Mediation and moderation analyses showed that among male adolescents, PIU was directly associated with loneliness, depression, general anxiety, and social anxiety and BID partially mediated these associations. Among females, PIU was directly associated with depression and indirectly with general anxiety and social anxiety via BID. Gender significantly moderated the direct relationships of PIU with loneliness, general anxiety, and social anxiety. PIU was directly associated with loneliness, general anxiety, and social anxiety among males only, whereas among females, PIU was indirectly associated with general and social anxiety via BID but was not related to loneliness. Results of this study indicate that PIU has different negative psychological effects on male and female adolescents and that BID appears to be one explanatory factor for these impairments especially among females.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Creators: Yurdagül, C., Kircaburun, K., Emirtekin, E., Wang, P. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Date: 11 April 2019
ISSN: 1557-1874
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s11469-019-00071-8DOI
Rights: © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019. Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 15 Apr 2019 15:13
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2019 15:13
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/36263

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