Redox-triggered buoyancy and size modulation of a dynamic covalent gel

Das, G., Nagaraja, S., Sridurai, V., Shinde, D.B., Addicoat, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-5406-7927, Prakasam, T., Gándara, F., Ravaux, F., Sharma, S.K., Nair, G.G., Lai, Z., Jagannathan, R., Olson, M.A. and Trabolsi, A., 2019. Redox-triggered buoyancy and size modulation of a dynamic covalent gel. Chemistry of Materials. ISSN 0897-4756

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Abstract

The development of stimuli-responsive materials capable of transducing external stimuli into mechanical and physical changes has always been an intriguing challenge and an inspiration for scientists. Several stimuli-responsive gels have been developed and applied to biomimetic actuators or artificial muscles. Redox active actuators in which the mechanical motion is driven chemically or electrochemically have attracted much interest and their actuation mechanism is based on the change in electrostatic repulsion and the loss or gain of counterions to balance newly formed charges. Actuation can also be promoted by changing the hydration state of the material leading to the release/adsorption of water molecules from the network, inducing a direct shrinking/swelling of the material respectively. A cationic crystalline dynamic covalent gel was obtained via the formation of imine bonds between 2,6-diformyl pyridine and triamino guanidinium chloride. The gel exhibits a reversible contraction/expansion behavior in response to base (oxidation, –H+, –e–) and acid (reduction +H+, +e–) respectively. The oxidation induces a color change and contraction of the gel with a concomitant increase in its strength. As synthesized, the cationic gel is denser than water and sinks when placed in water. Upon oxidation, the radical cationic gel expels water molecules rendering it less dense than water and the gel is propelled to the surface without any loss of its structural integrity. These results demonstrate that a careful choice of amine and aldehyde linkers can give rise to imine-linked materials capable of tolerating and resisting extreme acidic and basic conditions while performing work.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Chemistry of Materials
Creators: Das, G., Nagaraja, S., Sridurai, V., Shinde, D.B., Addicoat, M., Prakasam, T., Gándara, F., Ravaux, F., Sharma, S.K., Nair, G.G., Lai, Z., Jagannathan, R., Olson, M.A. and Trabolsi, A.
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Date: 24 April 2019
ISSN: 0897-4756
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b00919DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 09 May 2019 08:04
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2020 03:00
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/36436

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