Reproducibility of acute steroid hormone responses in men to short-duration running

Leal, D.V., Taylor, L. and Hough, J. ORCID: 0000-0001-6970-5779, 2019. Reproducibility of acute steroid hormone responses in men to short-duration running. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, pp. 1-25. ISSN 1555-0265

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Abstract

Purpose: Progressively overloading the body to improve physical performance may lead to detrimental states of overreaching/overtraining syndrome (OTS). Blunted cycling-induced cortisol and testosterone concentrations have been suggested to indicate overreaching following intensified-training periods. However, a running-based protocol is yet to be developed or demonstrated reproducible. This study develops two 30-min running protocols: (i) 50/70 (based on individualised physical capacity) and (ii) RPETP (self-paced) and measures the reproducibility of plasma cortisol and testosterone responses.

Methods: Thirteen recreationally active, healthy males completed each protocol (50/70 and RPETP) on three occasions. Venous blood was drawn Pre-, Post- and 30 min Post-Exercise.

Results: Cortisol was unaffected (both p > 0.05; 50/70: η2 = 0.090; RPETP: η2 = 0.252) whilst testosterone was elevated (both p < 0.05; 50/70: 35%, η2 = 0.714; RPETP: 42%, η2 = 0.892,) with low intra-individual coefficients of variation (CVi) as mean ± standard deviation (50/70: 7 ± 5%; RPETP: 12 ± 9%). Heart rate (50/70: ES = 0.39; RPETP: ES = -0.03), speed (RPETP: ES = -0.09) and rating of perceived exertion (50/70: ES = -0.06) were unchanged across trials (all CVi < 5%, p < 0.05). RPETP showed greater physiological strain (p < 0.01).

Conclusions: Both tests elicited reproducible physiological and testosterone responses, but RPETP induced greater testosterone changes (likely due to increased physiological strain) and could therefore be considered a more sensitive tool to potentially detect OTS. Advantageously for the practitioner, RPETP does not require a priori exercise-intensity determination, unlike the 50/70, enhancing its integration into practice.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Creators: Leal, D.V., Taylor, L. and Hough, J.
Date: 29 April 2019
ISSN: 1555-0265
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1123/ijspp.2018-1004DOI
Rights: © 2019 Human Kinetics, Inc.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 21 May 2019 14:57
Last Modified: 21 May 2019 14:57
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/36620

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