Application of terrestrial laser scanning to quantify surface changes in restored and degraded blanket bogs

Chico, G. ORCID: 0000-0002-5915-3373, Clutterbuck, B. ORCID: 0000-0003-3239-8220, Midgley, N.G. ORCID: 0000-0003-0076-1785 and Labadz, J. ORCID: 0000-0002-1574-7540, 2019. Application of terrestrial laser scanning to quantify surface changes in restored and degraded blanket bogs. Mires and Peat, 24 (14), pp. 1-24. ISSN 1819-754X

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Abstract

Many recognised areas of blanket bog are degraded, but the inventory and rate of loss of blanket bog globally is not fully known. Rapid identification of the rate and drivers of erosion and peat loss in blanket bogs more widely could inform localised approaches to protection and restoration of these important ecosystems. This study developed the application of Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) to quantify the rate of surface change in restored and degraded blanket bogs by adopting a single scan strategy with fixed ground markers for repeat scanner location and fixed reference markers for scan alignment. Three recently mapped and remote areas of blanket bog in the Cantabrian Mountains (northern Spain) were scanned in May 2017 and July 2017 with a portable TLS (FARO X330) and 3D change in exposed peat surfaces was determined using a mesh to cloud (M2C) algorithm. The mean resolution of scan data across the sites was <3 mm, and where reference markers remained visible the maximum error of scan alignment was <1 mm, increasing to 6.5 mm where markers were obscured or lost. The rate of erosion determined over two months at Zalama (a protected blanket bog where reference markers were not disturbed) was -5.9 ± 4.6 mm (mean ± SD), but significantly higher (p < 0.001) rates of erosion and peat loss were determined for two unprotected blanket bogs under grazing regimes at Ilsos de Zalama (-22.9 ± 20.5 mm) and Collado de Hornaza (-35.7 ± 37 mm). This rate of change is already equal to the mean annual rate of erosion reported for bare peat in England and Wales (22.4–23.1 mm yr-1) and for Scotland (36.3 mm yr-1). This study demonstrates that portable TLS units can be used to make rapid assessment of surface change (erosion and peat loss) in blanket bog and indicates that trampling by cattle and horses is significantly increasing the rate of peat surface change in unprotected blanket bog in north Spain. This technique has direct application for peatlands under grazing regimes globally, and further installation of fences around blanket bog in northern Spain may be required imminently to reduce the loss of peat, the associated carbon store and priority habitat.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Mires and Peat
Creators: Chico, G., Clutterbuck, B., Midgley, N.G. and Labadz, J.
Publisher: Mires and Peat
Date: 8 June 2019
Volume: 24
Number: 14
ISSN: 1819-754X
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.19189/MaP.2018.JSP.368DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 07 Jun 2019 15:00
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2019 15:00
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/36719

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