Sodium taurocholate stimulates Campylobacter jejuni outer membrane vesicle production via down-regulation of the maintenance of lipid asymmetry pathway

Davies, C., Taylor, A.J., Elmi, A., Winter, J. ORCID: 0000-0003-3582-7596, Liaw, J., Grabowska, A.D., Gundogdu, O., Wren, B.W., Kelly, D.J. and Dorrell, N., 2019. Sodium taurocholate stimulates Campylobacter jejuni outer membrane vesicle production via down-regulation of the maintenance of lipid asymmetry pathway. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, 9: 177. ISSN 2235-2988

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Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) contain numerous virulence-associated proteins including the cytolethal distending toxin and three serine proteases. As C. jejuni lacks the classical virulence-associated secretion systems of other enteric pathogens that deliver effectors directly into target cells, OMVs may have a particularly important role in virulence. C. jejuni OMV production is stimulated by the presence of physiological concentrations of the bile salt sodium taurocholate (ST) through an unknown mechanism. The maintenance of lipid asymmetry (MLA) pathway has been implicated in a novel mechanism for OMV biogenesis, open to regulation by host signals. In this study we investigated the role of the MLA pathway in C. jejuni OMV biogenesis with ST as a potential regulator. OMV production was quantified by analyzing protein and lipid concentrations of OMV preparations and OMV particle counts produced by nanoparticle tracking analysis. Mutation of mlaA which encodes the outer membrane component of the MLA pathway significantly increased OMV production compared to the wild-type strain. Detergent sensitivity and membrane permeability assays confirmed the increased OMV production was not due to changes in membrane stability. The presence of 0.2% (w/v) ST increased wild-type OMV production and reduced OMV size, but did not further stimulate mlaA mutant OMV production or significantly alter mlaA mutant OMV size. qRT-PCR analysis demonstrated that the presence of ST decreased expression of both mlaA and mlaC in C. jejuni wild-type strains 11168 and 488. Collectively the data in this study suggests C. jejuni can regulate OMV production in response to host gut signals through changes in expression of the MLA pathway. As the gut bile composition is dependent on both diet and the microbiota, this study highlights the potential importance of diet and lifestyle factors on the varying disease presentations associated with gut pathogen infection.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Creators: Davies, C., Taylor, A.J., Elmi, A., Winter, J., Liaw, J., Grabowska, A.D., Gundogdu, O., Wren, B.W., Kelly, D.J. and Dorrell, N.
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Date: 2019
Volume: 9
ISSN: 2235-2988
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3389/fcimb.2019.00177DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 18 Jun 2019 13:57
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2019 13:57
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/36843

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