Internet addiction and sleep disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Alimoradi, Z., Lin, C.-Y., Broström, A., Bülow, L., Bajalan, Z., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Ohayon, M.M. and Pakpour, A.H., 2019. Internet addiction and sleep disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 47, pp. 51-61. ISSN 1087-0792

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Abstract

The pathological use of the internet – conceptualized as 'internet addiction' – might be crucial in initiating and increasing sleep disturbances in the community. While inconsistent evidence is reported regarding the association of internet addiction and sleep disturbances, severity of this association is unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to increase our understanding of the relationship between internet addiction and sleep disturbances. A systematic review was conducted through Scopus, PubMed Central, ProQuest, ISI Web of Knowledge, and EMBASE using keywords related to internet addiction and sleep problems. Observational studies (cohort, case-control or cross-sectional studies) focusing on association between internet addiction and sleep disturbances including sleep problems and sleep duration were selected. A meta-analysis using random-effect model was conducted to calculate the odds ratio (OR) for experiencing sleep problems and standardized mean differences (SMDs) for sleep duration.
Eligible studies (N=23) included 35,684 participants. The overall pooled OR of having sleep problems if addicted to the internet was 2.20 (95% CI: 1.77–2.74). Additionally, the overall pooled SMDs for sleep duration for the IA group compared to normal internet users was -0.24 (95% CI: -0.38, -0.10).
Results of the meta-analysis revealed a significant OR for sleep problems and a significant reduced sleep duration among individuals addicted to the internet.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Creators: Alimoradi, Z., Lin, C.-Y., Broström, A., Bülow, L., Bajalan, Z., Griffiths, M.D., Ohayon, M.M. and Pakpour, A.H.
Publisher: Elsevier Masson
Date: October 2019
Volume: 47
ISSN: 1087-0792
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.smrv.2019.06.004DOI
S1087079219300267Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 26 Jun 2019 12:52
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2019 14:49
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/36923

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