Bacterially mediated removal of phosphorus and cycling of nitrate and sulfate in the waste stream of a "zero-discharge" recirculating mariculture system

Krom, M.D., Ben David, A., Ingall, E.D., Benning, L.G., Clerici, S., Bottrell, S., Davies, C., Potts, N.J., Mortimer, R.J.G. ORCID: 0000-0003-1292-8861 and Van Rijn, J., 2014. Bacterially mediated removal of phosphorus and cycling of nitrate and sulfate in the waste stream of a "zero-discharge" recirculating mariculture system. Water Research, 56, pp. 109-121. ISSN 0043-1354

[img]
Preview
Text
219071_219071.pdf

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Simultaneous removal of nitrogen and phosphorus by microbial biofilters has been used in a variety of water treatment systems including treatment systems in aquaculture. In this study, phosphorus, nitrate and sulfate cycling in the anaerobic loop of a zero-discharge, recirculating mariculture system was investigated using detailed geochemical measurements in the sludge layer of the digestion basin. High concentrations of nitrate and sulfate, circulating in the overlying water (~15 mM), were removed by microbial respiration in the sludge resulting in a sulfide accumulation of up to 3 mM. Modelling of the observed S and O isotopic ratios in the surface sludge suggested that, with time, major respiration processes shifted from heterotrophic nitrate and sulfate reduction to autotrophic nitrate reduction. The much higher inorganic P content of the sludge relative to the fish feces is attributed to conversion of organic P to authigenic apatite. This conclusion is supported by: (a) X-ray diffraction analyses, which pointed to an accumulation of a calcium phosphate mineral phase that was different from P phases found in the feces, (b) the calculation that the pore waters of the sludge were highly oversaturated with respect to hydroxyapatite (saturation index = 4.87) and (c) there was a decrease in phosphate (and in the Ca/Na molar ratio) in the pore waters simultaneous with an increase in ammonia showing there had to be an additional P removal process at the same time as the heterotrophic breakdown of organic matter.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Water Research
Creators: Krom, M.D., Ben David, A., Ingall, E.D., Benning, L.G., Clerici, S., Bottrell, S., Davies, C., Potts, N.J., Mortimer, R.J.G. and Van Rijn, J.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 2014
Volume: 56
ISSN: 0043-1354
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.watres.2014.02.049DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:50
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:12
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3707

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year