The dynamic effect of context on interval timing in children and adults

Hallez, Q., Damsma, A., Rhodes, D. ORCID: 0000-0001-5859-4567, Van Rijn, H. and Droit-Volet, S., 2019. The dynamic effect of context on interval timing in children and adults. Acta Psychologica, 192, pp. 87-93. ISSN 0001-6918

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Abstract

Human reproductions of time intervals are often biased towards previously perceived durations, resulting in a central tendency effect. The aim of the current study was to compare this effect of temporal context on time reproductions within children and adults. Children aged from 5 to 7 years, as well as adults, performed a ready-set-go reproduction task with a short and a long duration distribution. A central tendency effect was observed both in children and adults, with no age-difference in the effect of global context on temporal performance. However, the analysis of the effect of local context (trial-by-trial) indicated that younger children relied more on the duration (objective duration) presented in the most recent trial than adults. In addition, statistical analyses of the influence on temporal performance of recently reproduced durations by subjects (subjective duration) revealed that temporal reproductions in adults were influenced by performance drifts, i.e., their evaluation of their temporal error, while children simply relied on the value of reproduced durations on the recent trials. We argue that the central tendency effect was larger in young children due to their noisier internal representation of durations: A noisy system led participants to base their estimation on experienced duration rather than on the evaluation of their judgment.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Context and timing in children and adults [running head]
Publication Title: Acta Psychologica
Creators: Hallez, Q., Damsma, A., Rhodes, D., Van Rijn, H. and Droit-Volet, S.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: January 2019
Volume: 192
ISSN: 0001-6918
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.10.004DOI
S0001691818302506Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 06 Aug 2019 15:44
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2019 15:44
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/37185

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