Gifted children with ADHD: how are they different from non-gifted children with ADHD?

Gomez, R., Stavropoulos, V., Vance, A. and Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, 2019. Gifted children with ADHD: how are they different from non-gifted children with ADHD? International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

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Abstract

The present study focused on inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity differences of gifted children with and without attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Based on clinical assessment utilizing the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for Children (ADISC-IV) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children—Fourth Edition, attendees of a public outpatient child service (boys = 359, girls = 148), with mean age 10.60 years (SD = 3.08 years), were allocated into four groups: ADHD (N = 350), gifted (N = 15), gifted/ADHD (N = 18), and clinical controls (N = 124). The Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD-Symptoms and Normal Behavior Scale dimensionally assessed inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity variations. Compared to the gifted/ADHD group, the ADHD group had higher scores for inattention and comparable scores for hyperactivity/impulsivity. For most symptoms, the ADHD groups (gifted or not) rated higher than the non-ADHD groups (control and gifted without ADHD). Findings appeared to indicate that (i) ADHD is a valid diagnosis among children who are gifted, (ii) gifted children might tend to be less inattentive than non-gifted ADHD children, and (iii) ADHD-gifted children appear to differ from the non-ADHD-gifted children with regard to specific hyperactive and impulsive behaviors. The practical implication of these findings is that clinicians may wish to focus on these symptoms when diagnosing ADHD among children with high intelligence.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Creators: Gomez, R., Stavropoulos, V., Vance, A. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: Springer New York
Date: 26 August 2019
ISSN: 1557-1874
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s11469-019-00125-xDOI
125Publisher Item Identifier
Rights: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 11 Sep 2019 13:40
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2019 13:40
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/37635

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