Beyond the Langevin horn: transducer arrays for the acoustic levitation of liquid drops

Morris, R.H. ORCID: 0000-0001-5511-3457, Dye, E.R. ORCID: 0000-0001-5425-619X, Docker, P. and Newton, M.I. ORCID: 0000-0003-4231-1002, 2019. Beyond the Langevin horn: transducer arrays for the acoustic levitation of liquid drops. Physics of Fluids, 31 (10): 101301. ISSN 1070-6631

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Abstract

The acoustic levitation of liquid drops has been a key phenomenon for more than 40 years, driven partly by the ability to mimic a microgravity environment. It has seen more than 700 research articles published in this time and has seen a recent resurgence in the past 5 years, thanks to low cost developments. As well as investigating the basic physics of levitated drops, acoustic levitation has been touted for container free delivery of samples to a variety of measurements systems, most notably in various spectroscopy techniques including Raman and Fourier transform infrared in addition to numerous X-ray techniques. For 30 years, the workhorse of the acoustic levitation apparatus was a stack comprising a piezoelectric transducer coupled to a horn shaped radiative element often referred to as the Langevin horn. Decades of effort have been dedicated to such devices, paired with a matching and opposing device or a reflector, but they have a significant dependence on temperature and require precision alignment. The last decade has seen a significant shift away from these in favor of arrays of digitally driven, inexpensive transducers, giving a new dynamic to the topic which we review herein.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Physics of Fluids
Creators: Morris, R.H., Dye, E.R., Docker, P. and Newton, M.I.
Publisher: AIP Publishing
Date: 2019
Volume: 31
Number: 10
ISSN: 1070-6631
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1063/1.5117335DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 04 Oct 2019 08:26
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2019 08:26
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/37905

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