Non‐consumptive effects of predation: does perceived risk strengthen the genetic integration of behaviour and morphology in stickleback?

Dingemanse, N.J., Barber, I. ORCID: 0000-0003-3955-6674 and Dochtermann, N.A., 2019. Non‐consumptive effects of predation: does perceived risk strengthen the genetic integration of behaviour and morphology in stickleback? Ecology Letters. ISSN 1461-023X

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Abstract

Predators can shape genetic correlations in prey by altering prey perception of risk. We manipulated perceived risk to test whether such non‐consumptive effects tightened behavioural trait correlations in wild‐caught stickleback from high‐ compared to low‐risk environments due to genetic variation in plasticity. We expected tighter genetic correlations within perceived risk treatments than across them, and tighter genetic correlations in high‐risk than in low‐risk treatments. We identified genetic variation in plasticity, with genetic correlations between boldness, sociality, and antipredator morphology, as expected, being tighter within treatments than across them, for both of two populations. By contrast, genetic correlations did not tighten with exposure to risk. Tighter phenotypic correlations in wild stickleback may thus arise because predators induce correlational selection on environmental components of these traits, or because predators tighten residual correlations by causing environmental heterogeneity that is controlled in the laboratory. Our study places phenotypic integration firmly into an ecological context.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Ecology Letters
Creators: Dingemanse, N.J., Barber, I. and Dochtermann, N.A.
Publisher: Wiley
Date: 24 October 2019
ISSN: 1461-023X
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1111/ele.13413DOI
1207315Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 25 Oct 2019 13:10
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2019 13:10
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/38042

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