Development of a cross-cultural hazard perception test

Ventsislavova Petrova, P. ORCID: 0000-0002-7095-8113, 2019. Development of a cross-cultural hazard perception test. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.

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Abstract

This thesis is concerned with the development of a culturally-agnostic version of the UK hazard perception (HP) test, with the ultimate hope of providing a road safety assessment tool that can be exported to different countries whilst retaining its diagnostic validity. This aim was inspired by the United Nations Decade of Action on Road Safety (2010-2020), which was instigated to reduce the global burden of road deaths.

The first three experiments explored the various design elements of a future global blueprint for hazard perception testing. Unfortunately, none of these studies revealed a difference between UK experienced and novice drivers, considered important for test validity. When the test was compared across three countries (using clips and participants from China, Spain and the UK; experiment 4), the experience difference was still elusive, though cultural differences were evident.

To address the lack of validity, a new HP test-variant was developed: a hazard prediction test. This test presents the same driving clips to viewers, but the screen is occluded at the point of hazard onset and participants are asked "What happens next?". In a UK sample, experiment 5 finally showed an experiential difference. When taken back to China and Spain (experiment 6), the overall experiential difference remained, while cultural differences were ameliorated.

Following further development of the hazard prediction protocol (experiment 7), the test was applied to a brand new cultural context in Israel. Once again, the hazard prediction test was successful in differentiating between safe and less-safe drivers on the basis of experience.

In conclusion, the hazard prediction test appears to be a more robust methodology for international export, ostensibly reducing problems of criterion bias, subjective judgements on scoring windows, and language difficulties in explaining what a hazard is. The final chapter summarises this blueprint for a culturally-agnostic hazard test, and recommends the protocol be adopted globally.

Item Type: Thesis
Creators: Ventsislavova Petrova, P.
Date: January 2019
Rights: This work is the intellectual property of the author. You may copy up to 5% of this work for private study, or personal, non-commercial research. Any re-use of the information contained within this document should be fully referenced, quoting the author, title, university, degree level and pagination. Queries or requests for any other use, or if a more substantial copy is required, should be directed to the owner of the Intellectual Property Rights.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 04 Nov 2019 14:50
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2019 14:50
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/38105

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