The use of social networking sites, body image dissatisfaction and Body Dysmorphic Disorder: a systematic review of psychological research

Kuss, D.J. ORCID: 0000-0001-8917-782X and Ryding, F.C., 2019. The use of social networking sites, body image dissatisfaction and Body Dysmorphic Disorder: a systematic review of psychological research. Psychology of Popular Media Culture. ISSN 2160-4134

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Abstract

The escalation of social networking site (SNS) usage has led to much research examining both the positive and negative implications SNS can have on well-being. However, whilst many studies have investigated the relationship between SNS usage and body image, there remains a paucity of research in regards to SNS usage and Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). A systematic search was undertaken using Web of Science, PsychInfo and PubMed databases to identify SNS usage and patterns, SNS features and mediating factors contributing towards body image dissatisfaction, resulting in 40 studies meeting specific inclusion criteria. Findings identified passive SNS use and appearance-focused SNS use as particularly influential. Appearance-based comparisons were also found to be a strong mediator between SNS use and body image dissatisfaction. Using the current knowledge, parallels were highlighted in terms of body image dissatisfaction and BDD symptomatology, suggesting frequent SNS usage as a potential risk factor in the development of BDD symptoms.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Psychology of Popular Media Culture
Creators: Kuss, D.J. and Ryding, F.C.
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Date: 21 November 2019
ISSN: 2160-4134
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1037/ppm0000264DOI
1206397Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 10 Dec 2019 14:20
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2020 11:31
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/38845

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