Depression and disordered gaming: does culture matter?

O’Farrell, D.L., Baynes, K.-L., Pontes, H.M. ORCID: 0000-0001-8020-7623, D. Griffiths, M. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Stavropoulos, V., 2022. Depression and disordered gaming: does culture matter? International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 20 (2), pp. 843-861. ISSN 1557-1874

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The dearth of evidence related to cultural and gender variations of established associations between Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and other psychopathologies has been highlighted. Accordingly, the present study examined the association between depression and disordered gaming behaviors, while considering cultural perspectives of vertical individualism (independence and hierarchy) and gender as potentially variating factors. To achieve this, an ethnically diverse online sample of internet gamers from multicultural societies (N = 1032; Australia = 738; 71.5%; USA = 222; 21.5%; other multicultural countries = 72; 13.3%; Mage = 24 years; males = 503 [48.7%], females = 529 [51.3%]) completed the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale–Short-Form (IGDS9-SF); the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and the Individualism and Collectivism Scale (ICS). Regression, moderation and moderated moderation analyses were conducted. Results demonstrated that gamers presenting concurrently with symptoms of depression and vertically individualistic inclinations reported higher levels of disordered gaming behaviors, with no significant gender differences. The findings obtained imply that practitioners globally, and especially in multicultural societies (e.g., Australia, USA), should consider cultural differences when developing prevention and intervention strategies for disordered gaming.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Creators: O’Farrell, D.L., Baynes, K.-L., Pontes, H.M., D. Griffiths, M. and Stavropoulos, V.
Publisher: Springer
Date: April 2022
Volume: 20
Number: 2
ISSN: 1557-1874
Rights: © the authors(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 03 Feb 2020 11:59
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2022 11:21

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