Spanish validation of the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short Form (IGDS9-SF): prevalence and relationship with online gambling and quality of life

González-Cabrera, J., Beranuy, M., Pontes, H.M. ORCID: 0000-0001-8020-7623, Machimbarrena, J.M., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Asunción Vega-Osés, M. and Carbonell, X., 2020. Spanish validation of the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short Form (IGDS9-SF): prevalence and relationship with online gambling and quality of life. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17: 1562. ISSN 1661-7827

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Abstract

Online gaming is a very common form of leisure among adolescents and young people, although its excessive and/or compulsive use is associated with psychological impairments in a minority of gamers. The latest (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5, Section III) tentatively introduced Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD). Since then, a number of evaluation tools using the DSM-5 criteria have been developed, including the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short Form (IGDS9-SF). The main objective of this study was to translate and adapt the IGDS9-SF into Spanish, as well as to obtain indicators relating to its validity and reliability. The Spanish version of four scales were administered: IGDS9-SF, Mobile Phone-Related Experiences Questionnaire (CERM), Online Gambling Disorder Questionnaire (OGD-Q), and KIDSCREEN-27. The sample comprised 535 Vocational Training students (mean age 18.35 years; SD±2.13; 78.5% males) who reported playing video games in the past 12 months. Confirmatory factor analysis yielded a one-dimensional model with a good fit while the reliability indicators were satisfactory. Findings indicated that 1.9% of gamers were classified with IGD (meeting five or more criteria for more than 12 months). Additionally, another 1.9% were considered gamers 'at-risk' because they endorsed four criteria. Positive and significant relationships were found between the IGDS9-SF, the CERM, and the OGD-Q. Participants classified with IGD had poorer health-related quality of life. In conclusion, the Spanish IGDS9-SF is a valid and reliable instrument to assess IGD according to the DSM-5.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Creators: González-Cabrera, J., Beranuy, M., Pontes, H.M., Machimbarrena, J.M., Griffiths, M.D., Asunción Vega-Osés, M. and Carbonell, X.
Publisher: MDPI AG
Date: 28 February 2020
Volume: 17
ISSN: 1661-7827
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.3390/ijerph17051562DOI
1299892Other
Rights: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 02 Mar 2020 10:00
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 10:00
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/39340

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