The role of recreational online activities in school-based screen time sedentary behaviour interventions for adolescents: a systematic and critical literature review

Throuvala, M.A. ORCID: 0000-0003-4617-5263, Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Rennoldson, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-7131-8740 and Kuss, D.J. ORCID: 0000-0001-8917-782X, 2020. The role of recreational online activities in school-based screen time sedentary behaviour interventions for adolescents: a systematic and critical literature review. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

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Abstract

Sedentary behaviours are highly associated with obesity and other important health outcomes in adolescence. This paper reviews screen time and its role within school-based behavioural interventions targeting adolescents between the years 2007 and 2019. A systematic literature review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted across five major databases to identify interventions targeting screen time—in addition to TV/DVD viewing. The review identified a total of 30 papers analysing 15 studies across 16 countries aiming at addressing reduction of recreational screen time (internet use and gaming) in addition to television/DVD viewing. All of the interventions focused exclusively on behaviour change, targeting in the majority both reduction of sedentary behaviours along with strategies to increase physical activity levels. A mix of intervention effects were found in the reviewed studies. Findings suggest aiming only for reduction in time spent on screen-based behaviour within interventions could be a limited strategy in ameliorating excessive screen use, if not targeted, in parallel, with strategies to address other developmental, contextual and motivational factors that are key components in driving the occurrence and maintenance of adolescent online behaviours. Additionally, it raises the need for a differential treatment and assessment of each online activity within the interventions due to the heterogeneity of the construct of screen time. Recommendations for enhancing the effectiveness of school-based sedentary behaviour interventions and implications for public policy are discussed.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Creators: Throuvala, M.A., Griffiths, M.D., Rennoldson, M. and Kuss, D.J.
Publisher: Springer
Date: 28 February 2020
ISSN: 1557-1874
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s11469-019-00213-yDOI
1299878Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 02 Mar 2020 10:59
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 10:59
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/39343

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