Established risk factors for addiction fail to discriminate between healthy gamers and gamers endorsing DSM-5 Internet gaming disorder

Deleuze, J., Nuyens, F. ORCID: 0000-0002-8125-5229, Rochat, L., Rothen, S., Maurage, P. and Billieux, J., 2017. Established risk factors for addiction fail to discriminate between healthy gamers and gamers endorsing DSM-5 Internet gaming disorder. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 6 (4), pp. 516-524. ISSN 2062-5871

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Abstract

Background and aims: The DSM-5 includes criteria for diagnosing Internet gaming disorder (IGD) that are adapted from substance abuse and widely used in research and clinical contexts, although evidence supporting their validity remains scarce. This study compared online gamers who do or do not endorse IGD criteria regarding self-control-related abilities (impulsivity, inhibitory control, and decision-making), considered the hallmarks of addictive behaviors.

Method: A double approach was adopted to distinguish pathological from recreational gamers: The first is the classic DSM-5 approach (≥5 criteria required to endorse the IGD diagnosis), and the second consists in using latent class analysis (LCA) for IGD criteria to distinguish gamers’ subgroups. We computed comparisons separately for each approach. Ninety-seven volunteer gamers from the community were recruited. Self-reported questionnaires were used to measure demographic- and game-related characteristics, problematic online gaming (with the Problematic Online Gaming Questionnaire), impulsivity (with the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale), and depression (with the Beck Depression Inventory-II). Experimental tasks were used to measure inhibitory control (Hybrid-Stop Task) and decision-making abilities (Game of Dice Task).

Results: Thirty-two participants met IGD criteria (33% of the sample), whereas LCA identified two groups of gamers [pathological (35%) and recreational]. Comparisons that used both approaches (DSM-5 and LCA) failed to identify significant differences regarding all constructs except for variables related to actual or problematic gaming behaviors.

Discussion: The validity of IGD criteria is questioned, mostly with respect to their relevance in distinguishing high engagement from pathological involvement in video games.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Creators: Deleuze, J., Nuyens, F., Rochat, L., Rothen, S., Maurage, P. and Billieux, J.
Publisher: Akadémiai Kiadó
Date: December 2017
Volume: 6
Number: 4
ISSN: 2062-5871
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1556/2006.6.2017.074DOI
1242583Other
Rights: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 03 Mar 2020 13:24
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2020 13:39
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/39357

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