A protocol paper: community engagement interventions for cardiovascular disease prevention in socially disadvantaged populations in the UK: an implementation research study

Nahar, P., Van Marwijk, H., Gibson, L. ORCID: 0000-0002-1220-8680, Musinguzi, G., Anthierens, S., Ford, E., Bremner, S.A., Bowyer, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-1930-5862, Le Reste, J.Y., Sodi, T. and Bastiaens, H., 2020. A protocol paper: community engagement interventions for cardiovascular disease prevention in socially disadvantaged populations in the UK: an implementation research study. Global Health Research and Policy, 5: 12. ISSN 2397-0642

[img]
Preview
Text
1305927_Gibson.pdf - Post-print

Download (527kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular disorders (CVD) are the single greatest cause of mortality worldwide. In the UK, the National Health Service (NHS) has launched an initiative of health checks over and above current care to tackle CVD. However, the uptake of Health Checks is poor in disadvantaged communities. This protocol paper sets out a UK-based study (Sussex and Nottingham) aiming to co-produce a community delivered CVD risk assessment and coaching intervention to support community members to reduce their risk of CVD. The overall aim of the project is to implement a tailored-to-context community engagement (CE) intervention on awareness of CVD risks in vulnerable populations in high, middle and low-income countries. The specific objectives of the study are to enhance stakeholder' engagement; to implement lifestyle interventions for cardiovascular primary prevention, in disadvantaged populations and motivate uptake of NHS health checks.

Methods: This study uses both qualitative and quantitative methods in three phases of evaluation, including pre-, per-and post-implementation. To ensure contextual appropriateness the 'Scaling-up Packages of Interventions for Cardiovascular disease prevention in selected sites in Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa: An implementation research' (SPICES) project will organize a multi-component community-engagement intervention. For the qualitative component, the pre-implementation phase will involve a contextual assessment and stakeholder mapping, exploring potentials for CVD risk profiling strategies and led by trained Community Health Volunteers (CHV) to identify accessibility and acceptability. The per-implementation phase will involve healthy lifestyle counselling provided by CHVs and evaluation of the outcome to identify fidelity and scalability. The post-implementation phase will involve developing sustainable community-based strategies for CVD risk reduction. All three components will include a process evaluation. A stepped wedge cluster randomised trial of the roll out will focus on implementation outcomes including uptake and engagement and changes in risk profiles. The quantitative component includes pre and post-intervention surveys. The theory of the socio-ecological framework will be applied to analyse the community engagement approach.

Discussion: Based on the results ultimately a sustainable community engagement-based strategy for the primary prevention of CVD risk will be developed to enhance the performance of NHS health care in the UK. The Trial Registration number is ISRCTN68334579.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Global Health Research and Policy
Creators: Nahar, P., Van Marwijk, H., Gibson, L., Musinguzi, G., Anthierens, S., Ford, E., Bremner, S.A., Bowyer, M., Le Reste, J.Y., Sodi, T. and Bastiaens, H.
Publisher: BMC
Date: 2020
Volume: 5
ISSN: 2397-0642
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1186/s41256-020-0131-1DOI
1305927Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 23 Mar 2020 11:56
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2020 12:36
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/39437

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year