With flying colours: pilot performance with colour-coded head-up flight symbology

Blundell, J., Scott, S., Harris, D., Huddlestone, J. and Richards, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-7176-0440, 2020. With flying colours: pilot performance with colour-coded head-up flight symbology. Displays, 61: 101932. ISSN 0141-9382

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Abstract

The manipulation of colour in display symbology design has long been recognised as a method to improve operator experience and performance. Recent developments in colour head-up display (HUD) and helmet-mounted display (HMD) technology underline the necessity to understand the human factors considerations of symbology colour coding against conventional monochrome symbology formats. In this low-fidelity desktop human-in-the-loop experiment, the colour of flight symbology on an overlaid symbology set was coded as a redundant cue to indicate the accuracy of professional and non-professional pilots’ flight profile across a range of simulated flight manoeuvres. The main finding of this study was that colour coding flight symbology supported the manual flying performance of both professional and non-professional pilots. Notably, colour-coding of the bank indicator and airspeed tape minimised performance error during turning and altitude change manoeuvres, respectively. The usability of colour coded symbology was also rated higher than the monochrome symbology. We conclude that colour coded HUD/HMD symbology is preferred by the user and may improve performance during low workload manual flying tasks. A fuller understanding of performance and workload effects will require future studies to employ higher workload flying tasks and examine the utility of colour coding within higher fidelity environments.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Displays
Creators: Blundell, J., Scott, S., Harris, D., Huddlestone, J. and Richards, D.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: January 2020
Volume: 61
ISSN: 0141-9382
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.displa.2019.101932DOI
S0141938219300368Publisher Item Identifier
1299750Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 24 Mar 2020 13:56
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2020 13:56
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/39460

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