A review on the effects of light-emitting diode (LED) light on the nutrients of sprouts and microgreens

Zhang, X., Bian, Z. ORCID: 0000-0002-8312-840X, Yuan, X., Chen, X. and Lu, C. ORCID: 0000-0002-0064-4725, 2020. A review on the effects of light-emitting diode (LED) light on the nutrients of sprouts and microgreens. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 99, pp. 203-216. ISSN 0924-2244

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Abstract

Background: Sprouts and microgreens, which are tender, flavourful, rich in nutrients, have a short growth cycle, and have been recognized as functional foods in the human diet. Culturing under artificial light sources could regulate the growth, the phytochemical compound content and antioxidant capacity of sprouts and microgreens.

Scope and approach: In this review, the effects of light-emitting diode (LED) light on growth, phytochemical compound content and antioxidant capacity, as well as the post-harvest quality of sprouts and microgreens were overviewed, and the underlying mechanisms were discussed. The future applications and research, which aim to improve the growth and nutritional quality of sprouts and microgreens, were also investigated.

Key findings and conclusions: LED light can promote the accumulation of different phytochemicals, such as phenolic compounds, vitamins, glucosinolates, chlorophyll and carotenoids. Meanwhile, the antioxidant capacity could also be significantly increased by growth under LED light, in particular UV-B light. The accumulation of mineral elements (Ca2+, Fe2+, K+) increased after light exposure. The effects of LED light on the growth was species dependent. Therefore, growth under LED light is an efficient and promising strategy for producing sprouts and microgreens with higher nutritional values.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Trends in Food Science and Technology
Creators: Zhang, X., Bian, Z., Yuan, X., Chen, X. and Lu, C.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: May 2020
Volume: 99
ISSN: 0924-2244
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.tifs.2020.02.031DOI
S0924224419300718Publisher Item Identifier
1307988Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 27 Mar 2020 10:45
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2020 08:37
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/39500

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