Cobalt(II) tetraaminophthalocyanine‐modified multiwall carbon nanotubes as an efficient sulfur redox catalyst for lithium–sulfur batteries

Yang, X., Du, W., Li, X., Zhang, Y., Qian, Z., Biggs, M.J. ORCID: 0000-0002-2131-3677 and Hughes, C., 2020. Cobalt(II) tetraaminophthalocyanine‐modified multiwall carbon nanotubes as an efficient sulfur redox catalyst for lithium–sulfur batteries. ChemSusChem. ISSN 1864-5631

[img] Text
1321663_a589_Biggs.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 18 March 2021.

Download (4MB)

Abstract

An efficient Li–S redox catalyst consisting of MWCNTs covalently modified by cobalt(II) tetraaminophthalocyanines (TaPcCo‐MWCNTs) is developed. Effective lithium polysulfide (LiPS) capturing is enabled by the lithiophilic N‐containing phthalocyanine rings and the sulfiphilic Co central atoms. This adsorption geometry utilizes the Co unoccupied d‐orbitals as electron super‐exchange highways. Elevated kinetics of LiPSs reactions in the liquid phase as well as liquid–solid transitions were revealed by electrochemical measurements and density functional theory calculations. Uniform deposition of Li2S films was also observed, which preserves cathode integrity and sulfur utilization during cell cycling. The catalyzed sulfur redox is also significantly facilitated by the fast electron and Li‐ion transport to and from the reaction sites through the conductive MWCNT skeletons and the lithiophilic substituent amino groups on TaPcCo. With 6 wt % addition of TaPcCo‐MWCNT in the cathode coatings, high sulfur utilization is achieved with areal sulfur loadings of up to 7 mg cm−2. Stable long‐term cycling is achieved at 1 C at a sulfur loading of 5 mg cm−2, with an initial areal capacity of 4.4 mAh cm−2 retention of 3.5 mAh cm−2 after 500 cycles. Considering the high structural diversity of phthalocyanines macromolecules, this study provides opportunities for a new class of Li–S catalysts.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: ChemSusChem
Creators: Yang, X., Du, W., Li, X., Zhang, Y., Qian, Z., Biggs, M.J. and Hughes, C.
Publisher: Wiley
Date: 18 March 2020
ISSN: 1864-5631
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1002/cssc.202000648DOI
1321663Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 30 Apr 2020 14:13
Last Modified: 14 May 2020 08:52
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/39771

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View

Views

Views per month over past year

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year