Executive functions, impulsivity, and inhibitory control in adolescents: a structural equation model

Fino, E. ORCID: 0000-0002-5095-6014, Melogno, S., Iliceto, P., D’Aliesio, S., Pinto, M.A., Candilera, G. and Sabatello, U., 2014. Executive functions, impulsivity, and inhibitory control in adolescents: a structural equation model. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 10 (2), pp. 32-38. ISSN 1895-1171

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Abstract

Background. Adolescence represents a critical period for brain development, addressed by neurodevelopmental models to frontal, subcortical-limbic, and striatal activation, a pattern associated with rise of impulsivity and deficits in inhibitory control. The present study aimed at studying the association between self-report measures of impulsivity and inhibitory control with executive function in adolescents, employing structural equation modeling.

Method. Tests were administered to 434 high school students. Acting without thinking was measured through the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and the Dickman Impulsivity Inventory, reward sensitivity through the Behavioral Activation System, and sensation seeking through the Zuckerman–Kuhlman–Aluja Personality Questionnaire. Inhibitory control was assessed through the Behavioral Inhibition System. The performance at the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task indicated executive function. Three models were specified using Sample Covariance Matrix, and the estimated parameters using Maximum Likelihood.

Results. In the final model, impulsivity and inhibitory control predicted executive function, but sensation seeking did not. The fit of the model to data was excellent.

Conclusions. The hypothesis that inhibitory control and impulsivity are predictors of executive function was supported. Our results appear informative of the validity of self-report measures to examine the relation between impulsivity traits rather than others to regulatory function of cognition and behavior.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Advances in Cognitive Psychology
Creators: Fino, E., Melogno, S., Iliceto, P., D’Aliesio, S., Pinto, M.A., Candilera, G. and Sabatello, U.
Publisher: University of Finance and Management in Warsaw
Date: 2014
Volume: 10
Number: 2
ISSN: 1895-1171
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.5709/acp-0154-5DOI
1323896Other
Rights: C 2014 University of Finance and Management in Warsaw.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 13 May 2020 14:31
Last Modified: 13 May 2020 14:51
Related URLs:
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/39836

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