Temporal associations between morningness/eveningness, problematic social media use, psychological distress and daytime sleepiness: mediated roles of sleep quality and insomnia among young adults

Lin, C., Imani, V., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Broström, A., Nygårdh, A., Demetrovics, Z. and Pakpour, A.H., 2020. Temporal associations between morningness/eveningness, problematic social media use, psychological distress and daytime sleepiness: mediated roles of sleep quality and insomnia among young adults. Journal of Sleep Research. ISSN 0962-1105

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Abstract

The extant literature has suggested relationships between an individual's chronotype (in relation to morningness/eveningness) and several outcomes, including addictive disorders, psychological distress and daytime sleepiness. Moreover, sleep quality has been proposed to be a mediator in the aforementioned relationships. Consequently, the aim of the present study was to investigate the complex relationship between morningness/eveningness, problematic social media use, psychological distress and daytime sleepiness, with the potential mediators of sleep quality and insomnia. All participants (N = 1,791 [30.1% males]; mean age = 27.2 years, SD = 10.1) completed a battery of psychometric scales, including a reduced version of the Morningness‐Eveningness Questionnaire (at baseline), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Insomnia Severity Index (1 month after baseline assessment), the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (2 months after baseline assessment). The impacts of morningness‐eveningness on problematic social media use, anxiety, depression and daytime sleepiness were found in the mediation models. Furthermore, the mediated effects of insomnia and sleep quality were observed. The present study's results emphasize the importance of promoting healthy sleep habits and sleep hygiene behaviours, and that of early detection of sleep problems among individuals who have the eveningness chronotype, because this would significantly improve their health outcomes.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Sleep Research
Creators: Lin, C., Imani, V., Griffiths, M.D., Broström, A., Nygårdh, A., Demetrovics, Z. and Pakpour, A.H.
Publisher: Wiley
Date: 14 May 2020
ISSN: 0962-1105
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1111/jsr.13076DOI
1325851Other
Rights: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. © 2020 The Authors. Journal of Sleep Research published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Sleep Research.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 15 May 2020 08:06
Last Modified: 15 May 2020 08:06
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/39849

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