COVID-19-related suicides in Bangladesh due to lockdown and economic factors: case study evidence from media reports

Bhuiyan, A.K.M.I., Sakib, N., Pakpour, A.H., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Mamun, M.A., 2020. COVID-19-related suicides in Bangladesh due to lockdown and economic factors: case study evidence from media reports. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. ISSN 1557-1874

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Abstract

The incidence and mortality of the coronavirus-2019 disease (COVID-19) have increased dramatically around the world. The effects of COVID-19 pandemic are not limited to health, but also have a major impact on the social and economic aspects. Meanwhile, developing and less developed countries are arguably experiencing more severe crises than developed countries, with many small and medium-sized businesses being disrupted and even bankrupt (Fernandes 2020). Consequently, some individuals’ mental health is very fragile (Lin 2020). Sahoo et al. (2020) reported some of the psychological consequences in India (the neighboring country of Bangladesh) including self-harm due to COVID-19 misinformation. Moreover, impacts on mental health (e.g., depression, anxiety, panic, and traumatic stress) can also occur due to the lack of accurate information (Rajkumar 2020; Sahoo et al. 2020; Tandon 2020).

In addition, pandemic-related restraints (e.g., spatial distancing, isolation, home quarantine, etc.) is impacting on economic sustainability and well-being, which may induce psychological mediators, such as sadness, worry, fear, anger, annoyance, frustration, guilt, helplessness, loneliness, and nervousness (Mukhtar 2020; Mamun and Griffiths 2020a). These mediators are also distinctive features of psychological suffering that individuals can experience during and after pandemics (Ahorsu et al. 2020; Pakpour and Griffiths 2020). Without early economic interventions, such mental health issues can facilitate suicidal behaviors among some individuals (Arafat and Mamun 2019; Mamun and Griffiths 2020b, c; Jahan et al. 2020), because economic recession, unemployment, and poverty are strongly associated with severe psychological comorbidities such as suicidal behaviors (Goldman-Mellor et al. 2010; Oyesanya et al. 2015; Rafi et al. 2019). There is one prior study that has examined COVID-19-related suicide in Bangladesh (Mamun and Griffiths 2020a).

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Creators: Bhuiyan, A.K.M.I., Sakib, N., Pakpour, A.H., Griffiths, M.D. and Mamun, M.A.
Publisher: Springer
Date: 15 May 2020
ISSN: 1557-1874
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1007/s11469-020-00307-yDOI
1326153Other
Rights: © The Author(s) 2020. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 18 May 2020 07:52
Last Modified: 18 May 2020 07:52
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/39861

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