Internet Gaming Disorder and psychological well-being: a longitudinal study of older-aged adolescents and emerging adults

Teng, Z., Pontes, H.M. ORCID: 0000-0001-8020-7623, Nie, Q., Xiang, G., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Guo, C., 2020. Internet Gaming Disorder and psychological well-being: a longitudinal study of older-aged adolescents and emerging adults. Addictive Behaviors, 110: 106530. ISSN 0306-4603

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Abstract

The American Psychiatric Association defined Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) as a tentative behavioral addiction in Section III in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as a disorder that requires further research. Although cross-sectional studies have suggested that IGD is closely associated with poorer psychosocial well-being, longitudinal studies are scare, and whether poor psychosocial well-being is the cause or effect of IGD is still unclear. To address this issue, a longitudinal study including three-wave data from older-aged adolescents and emerging adults (1,054 first-year university students, age range 17–21 years, 41.2% male) was conducted. Cross-lagged panel models were computed to examine the longitudinal association between IGD and psychosocial well-being. The results suggested that IGD negatively affects variables of psychosocial well-being (i.e., self-esteem, social support, life satisfaction), but not vice versa. The results supported the interpersonal impairment hypothesis, which conceptualizes IGD as a maladaptive response leading to poorer psychosocial well-being. Furthermore, the results also showed that IGD was negatively associated with self-esteem and social support across all three waves with gender difference across these associations and larger correlations for males in comparison to females. In conclusion, the study findings highlight that the classification of IGD as a mental health disorder is appropriate, and that the condition is a risk factor for impaired psychosocial well-being in late adolescence and early adulthood.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Addictive Behaviors
Creators: Teng, Z., Pontes, H.M., Nie, Q., Xiang, G., Griffiths, M.D. and Guo, C.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: November 2020
Volume: 110
ISSN: 0306-4603
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.addbeh.2020.106530DOI
S0306460320306602Publisher Item Identifier
1344389Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 17 Jul 2020 09:46
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2020 14:46
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/40241

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